Civilians and Homefront

General Orders, No. 38 (DOO)
Major-General Ambrose Burnside issued General Orders No. 38 on April 13, 1863 in an effort to silence opponents of the Civil War in the Department of the Ohio. Continue Reading »
Mount Adams Battery
With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation. Continue Reading »
Ohio Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Orphans’ Home
In 1869, the Grand Army of the Republic proposed the formation of and began to construct the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Orphans’ Home to provide for children orphaned when their father died during the American Civil War. The State of Ohio assumed control of the institution in 1870 and eventually permitted children orphaned as a result of any military conflict to reside at the home. Continue Reading »
Olds, Edson Baldwin
Edson B. Olds was a Copperhead leader and three-term U.S. Congressman from Ohio. In 1862, federal officials arrested and imprisoned Olds for disloyalty. Continue Reading »
Order To Prevent Evasion Of Military Duty And For The Suppression of Disloyal Practices
On August 8, 1862, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, under the authority of President Abraham Lincoln, issued an order making it it illegal of men eligible for conscription to leave the United States and suspending the constitutionally guaranteed writ of habeas corpus for persons accused of disloyal activites. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order for the "Arrest and Imprisonment of Irresponsible Newspaper Reporters and Editors"
On May 18, 1864, President Lincoln issued an executive order commanding Major General John A. Dix to arrest and imprison the editors, proprietors, and publishers of the New York World and New York Journal of Commerce newspapers for printing false stories giving comfort to the enemies of the U.S. Continue Reading »
Relief Law
Upon becoming Ohio's twenty-sixth governor on January 11, 1864, John Brough sought to aid the Union war effort. He succeeded in enacting a two mills property tax to support soldiers' families. Continue Reading »
Tod, David
David Tod was the twenty-fifth Governor of Ohio, serving from January 4, 1862 through January 11, 1864. He was Ohio's second governor during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War