Entries in Reconstruction (1866-)

Fifteenth Amendment
Approved by Congress on February 26, 1869, ratified by the states on February 3, 1870, and certified by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish on March 30, 1870, the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution affirmed that, "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." Continue Reading »
Fighting McCooks
During the American Civil War many family members fought alongside one another, and it is believed that at least fifteen members of the McCook family of Ohio fought in the war. Daniel McCook, eight of his sons, his brother John McCook, and his five sons fought for the Union. Continue Reading »
Forrest, Nathan Bedford
Known as "the Wizard of the Saddle," Nathan Bedford Forrest was a prominent Confederate cavalry officer whose reputation was stained by accusations regarding his role in the "Fort Pillow Massacre" on April 12, 1864. Continue Reading »
Foster, John Gray
A prominent general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, John G. Foster served briefly as commander of the Department of the Ohio from December 12, 1863 to February 9, 1864. Continue Reading »
Fourteenth Amendment
Ratified in 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was the second of the Reconstruction Amendments proposed by Congress and ratified by the states following the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Franklin, William B.
As commander of the 6th and 19th Army Corps, William B. Franklin served the Union in the Eastern and Western Theaters of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Freedman's Village
Officially dedicated on December 4, 1863, Freedman's Village was a federal refuge for former slaves near Washington, D.C., throughout the last half of the 19th Century. Continue Reading »
Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau was an important agency of the early Reconstruction era, assisting freedmen (freed ex-slaves) in the South. Continue Reading »
Fremont, John Charles
John C. Fremont was a famous American explorer, U.S. Senator from California, and controversial political general who served in both theaters of the American Civil War Continue Reading »
French, William H.
A career military officer, Major General William French commanded the 3rd Army Corps during the Civil War from July 1863 to March 1864 Continue Reading »
Garfield, James Abram
James Abram Garfield was an American political and military leader who rose to the rank of major general in the Union army during the American Civil War, and who served as a U.S. Congressman and Senator before being elected as the 20th President of the United States in 1880. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 34 (U.S. War Department) (1892)
On June 1, 1892, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders, No. 34 announcing Brigadier General David S. Stanley's retirement from the United States Army. Continue Reading »
Granger, Gordon
A career United States Army officer, Major General Gordon Granger held numerous commands and participated in many engagements in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Grate, John Henry
John Henry Grate served in the 6th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry during the American Civil War and served as the commander of Ohio’s and eventually the national Grand Army of the Republic near the end of his life. Continue Reading »
Gregg, David McMurtrie
Brevet Major General David McMurtrie Gregg was the longest tenured Federal cavalry division commander during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Hampton III, Wade
A prominent Confederate cavalry officer, Wade Hampton III also served as governor of South Carolina and as a United States Senator from the Palmetto State after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Hardee, William J.
William J. Hardee was a prominent Confederate corps commander in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, who briefly commanded the Army of Tennessee on two occasions. Continue Reading »
Harney, William Selby
Co-author of the Price-Harney Agreement, Brigadier-General William S. Harney was a forty-five-year veteran of the United States Army, who participated in the Seminole Wars, the Black Hawk War, the Mexican-American War, the Mormon Expedition, and the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Harrison, Benjamin
Grandson of ninth U.S. President William Henry Harrison, Benjamin Harrison was the nation's twenty-third President from March 4, 1889 to March 4, 1893. Continue Reading »
Hayes, Rutherford B.
Civil War general, U.S. Congressman, and Governor of Ohio, Rutherford Birchard Hayes served as nineteenth President of the United States from March 3, 1877 to March 4, 1881. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War