Entries in Reconstruction (1866-)

Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg
A career United States Army officer, Major General Edward Canby commanded the victorious Union troops during the Battle of Fort Blakely, which is often cited as the last major infantry engagement east of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain was a Union military commander during the American Civil War, earning a Congressional Medal of Honor for his heroics at the Battle of Gettysburg. He also served as Governor of Maine and as a professor and a president of Bowdoin College. Continue Reading »
Chivington, John M.
Known as the "Fighting Parson," John M. Chivington was an ordained Methodist minister and Union officer, who was acclaimed for his performance at the Battle of Glorieta Pass but condemned for his role in the Sand Creek Massacre. Continue Reading »
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Enacted by Congress over President Andrew Johnson's veto, the Civil Rights Act of 1866 aimed to counter Black Codes enacted by Southern states by validating the citizenship of former slaves and endowing them with specific, federally-guaranteed, civil rights Continue Reading »
Clark, Charles
Ohio-born Charles Clark was a brigadier general in the Confederate Army and governor of Mississippi during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Clem, John Lincoln
Also known as Johnny Shiloh and the Drummer Boy of Chickamauga, Johnny Clem was one of the youngest Union soldiers to fight during the American Civil War, and he was the last Civil War veteran still on active duty in the army when he retired from the military in 1915. Continue Reading »
Couch, Darius Nash
Darius N. Couch was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War, who served as a corps commander with the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater and as a division commander with the 23rd Army Corps in the Western Theater. Continue Reading »
Cox, Jacob Dolson
Jacob Cox was a nineteenth century American political and military leader who served as a brigadier general in the U.S. volunteer army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Cox, Samuel S.
Samuel Cox was a prominent lawyer, newspaper editor, and Peace Democrat who represented Ohio and, later, New York in Congress. Continue Reading »
Crawford, Samuel W.
A prominent Union general officer, Samuel W. Crawford was possibly the only person who was present for the beginning of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter and for the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House four years later. Continue Reading »
Curtis, Samuel R.
Perhaps one of the more underrated Union officers of the American Civil War, Major General Samuel R. Curtis played a prominent role in securing and maintaining Federal control of the border state of Missouri throughout the conflict. Continue Reading »
Custer, Thomas
Younger brother of General George Armstrong Custer, Thomas Ward Custer was twice awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Dennison, Jr., William
William Dennison, Jr., was the twenty-fourth Governor of Ohio, serving from January 9, 1860 through January 13, 1862. Dennison also served as Postmaster General of the United States from 1864 to 1866. Continue Reading »
Douglass, Frederick
After escaping from bondage on September 3, 1838, Frederick Douglass became a highly-acclaimed orator and writer supporting the abolition of slavery before the Civil War and the enactment of African American rights during Reconstruction. Continue Reading »
Dupree, William H.
William H. Dupree was an African-American Ohioan who served in the 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War. Sources disagree regarding his birth date and birthplace, with some claiming that Dupree was born in 1838 in Chillicothe, in Ross County, Ohio, with other sources contending that he was born on March 13, 1839 in Petersburg, Virginia. The sources that argue that Dupree was born in Petersburg also contend that he was born a slave. Continue Reading »
Ewell, Richard Stoddert
Richard Stoddert Ewell was a prominent Confederate general during the American Civil War who has been tarnished by questions about his performance on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Continue Reading »
Ewing, Charles
Charles Ewing was a lawyer, Catholic Church representative, and soldier, who served the Union army as a general officer in the Eastern and Western theaters during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Ewing, Hugh Boyle
Hugh Boyle Ewing was a lawyer, writer, ambassador and soldier, who served the Union army as a general officer in the Eastern and Western theaters during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Ewing, Thomas Jr.
Thomas Ewing, Jr., was a prominent Ohio lawyer and politician who served as a Union general in the West during the American Civil War. He was a United States Congressman after the war. Continue Reading »
Ewing,Thomas Sr.
Thomas Ewing Sr. was an influential Ohio lawyer and politician who served in the United States Senate, as United States Secretary of the Treasury, and as United States Secretary of the Interior. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War