Entries in Civil War (1864)

New Hope Church, Battle of
The Battle of New Hope Church was an encounter between Union forces commanded by Major General William T. Sherman and Confederate forces commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The engagement took place in Paulding County, Georgia on May 25 and 26, 1864. Continue Reading »
New Market, Battle of
On March 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States. Upon his arrival in Washington, Grant drafted a plan to have the various Union armies in the field to act in concert and strike the Confederacy from several directions. Continue Reading »
North Anna, Battle of
Fought between May 23 and 26, 1864, the Battle of North Anna was an engagement in Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign between the Union Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed Alpha-numerically
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed alpha-numerically. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed by Date
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed by date. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Historically, British colonies utilized militia forces to defend themselves from attacks by Native Americans and other powers. Once Americans secured their independence in the American Revolution, the new states continued to rely primarily on the militia for military defense. Continue Reading »
Okolona, Battle of
The Battle of Okolona was the climax of a failed Union expedition led by Brigadier General William Sooy Smith during the Meridian Campaign in February 1864. Continue Reading »
Olds, Edson Baldwin
Edson B. Olds was a Copperhead leader and three-term U.S. Congressman from Ohio. In 1862, federal officials arrested and imprisoned Olds for disloyalty. Continue Reading »
Opdycke, Emerson
A prominent Union general officer, Ohioan Emerson Opdycke played significant roles at the Battle of Chattanooga and the Battle of Franklin. Continue Reading »
Opequon, Battle of
Fought on the morning of September 19, 1864, between Philip Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah and Jubal Early's Army of the Valley, the Battle of Opequon, also known as the Battle of Third Winchester, was the bloodiest engagement of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864. Continue Reading »
Ord, Edward Otho Cresap
A career United States Army officer, Edward O.C. Ord played major leadership roles in both theaters of the American Civil War and as commander of the Department of the Ohio at the conclusion of hostilities. Continue Reading »
Overland Campaign
The Overland Campaign, also known as the Wilderness Campaign, was a Union offensive launched in May 1864, intended to defeat Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, and to bring an end to the American Civil War. The campaign, designed by Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, was the bloodiest of the war. Continue Reading »
Parker, Ely Samuel
Ely Samuel Parker was General Ulysses S. Grant’s personal secretary for the last years of the American Civil War. He also served as Commissioner of Indian Affairs during Grant’s presidency. Continue Reading »
Patterson's Battery of Ohio Volunteer Artillery
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Peachtree Creek, Battle of
The Battle of Peachtree Creek was a military engagement between Union forces commanded by Major General George H. Thomas and Confederate forces commanded by General John B. Hood during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The encounter took place in Fulton County, on the outskirts of Atlanta, Georgia on July 20, 1864. Continue Reading »
Peeble's Farm, Battle of
Fought from September 30–October 2, 1864, during the Petersburg Campaign, the Battle of Peeble's Farm was a successful Union offensive that extended the Federal lines south of Petersburg, Virginia. Continue Reading »
Pemberton, John Clifford
Vilified by Northerners for leaving the U.S. Army to fight for the South, and by Southerners for surrendering Vicksburg, Pennsylvanian, John C. Pemberton rose to the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Pendleton, George H.
George Hunt Pendleton was a Democratic Congressman and Senator from Ohio. A leading Peace Democrat during the American Civil War, Pendleton was also the sponsor of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883. Continue Reading »
Petersburg Campaign
Beginning in June 1864, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant's Petersburg Campaign was a nine month-long Union offensive that consisted of nineteen major military engagements, plus additional minor skirmishes, that forced General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to abandon the Confederate capital at Richmond in April 1865. Continue Reading »
Petersburg I, Battle of
Also known as the Battle of Old Men and Young Boys, some historians consider the Battle of Petersburg I, fought on June 9, 1864, to be the first engagement of the Petersburg Campaign. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War