Entries in Civil War (1862)

Pleasonton, Alfred
A prominent Union cavalry officer, Major General Alfred Pleasonton commanded the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the Gettysburg Campaign. Continue Reading »
Polk, Leonidas
An ordained Episcopal bishop, Confederate Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk was killed by a Union artillery shell at Pine Mountain, near Marietta, Georgia, on June 14, 1864. Continue Reading »
Pope, John
Major General John Pope was a prominent and controversial army officer who commanded the Union Army of Virginia at the Battle of Bull Run II. Continue Reading »
Port Republic, Battle of
Fought on June 9, 1862, the Battle of Port Republic was the sixth engagement and fifth Confederate victory of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Porter, Fitz John
Fitz John Porter was a corps commander with the Union Army, whose career was ruined by court martial proceedings over his performance at the Battle of Bull Run II. Continue Reading »
Potts' Battery of Ohio Volunteer Artillery
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by President Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation stated that people held in slavery in areas designated in rebellion against the United States as of January 1, 1863 would be freed from bondage. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Authorizing a Draft
On August 4, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive authorizing a draft of 300,000 militia be immediately called into the service of the United States. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Constituting the Army of Virginia
On June 26, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued a presidential proclamation that consolidated the forces commanded by major generals John C. Fremont, Nathaniel Banks, and Irvin McDowell, as well as those under Brigadier General Samuel D. Sturgis, to form the Army of Virginia, commanded by Major General John Pope. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Naming Major General Henry Halleck as General-in-Chief of All US Land Forces
On July 11, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive order naming Major General Henry Halleck as General-in-Chief of all US land forces. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Prohibiting Citizens Liable for the Draft from Leaving the United States, and Suspending the Writ of Habeas Corpus
On August 8, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive order prohibiting citizens liable for the draft from leaving the United States, and suspending the writ of habeas corpus for persons arrested for disloyal practices. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Relieving General G. B. McClellan and Making Other Changes
On November 5, 1862, President Lincoln issued an executive order replacing George B. McClellan with Ambrose E. Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac. Continue Reading »
President's War Order No. 2
On March 8, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued General War Order No. 2 directing Major General George B. McClellan to reorganize the Army of the Potomac into five corps. Continue Reading »
President's War Order No. 3
Issued by President Abraham Lincoln on March 11, 1862, War Order Number 3, consolidated three western departments, including the Department of the Ohio, into the Department of the Mississippi, commanded by Major-General Henry Halleck. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 90
On May 19, 1862, Abraham Lincoln issued a presidential proclamation revoking David Hunter's general order freeing the slaves in Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 93 (Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation)
Issued by President Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, Presidential Proclamation 93, also known as the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation stated that people held in slavery in areas designated in rebellion against the United States as of January 1, 1863 would be freed from bondage. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 94
On September 24, 1862, Abraham Lincoln issued Presidential Proclamation 94 declaring that people suspected of being disloyal to the U.S. were subject to martial law and that the writ of habeas corpus was suspended for all such persons. Continue Reading »
Price’s Hill Battery
With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation. Continue Reading »
Price, Sterling
Sterling Price was an antebellum governor of Missouri, United States Congressman, and prominent Confederate commander in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Princeton Court House, Battle of
The Princeton Court House, also known as the Battle of Pigeon’s Roost and the Battle of Pigeon Roost, was a three-day engagement in Mercer County, Virginia (now West Virginia) from May 15 to 17, 1862. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War