Entries in Civil War (1862)

McKinley, William, Jr.
William McKinley, Jr., was born on January 29, 1843, in Niles, Ohio. He was the seventh of nine children of William McKinley, Sr., and Nancy Allison McKinley. Continue Reading »
McLaughlin's Squadron of Cavalry
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
McMullin's Battery of Ohio Volunteer Artillery
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Meade, George Gordon
Victorious commander at the Battle of Gettysburg, Major General George G. Meade commanded the Army of the Potomac throughout the Gettysburg, Bristoe, Mine Run, Overland, Petersburg, and Appomattox Campaigns. Continue Reading »
Meade, Richard Kidder
A lieutenant in the Union army and later a major in the Confederate army, Richard K. Meade was one of four graduates of the U.S. Military Academy who initially fought for the Union before switching sides during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Medary, Samuel
Samuel Medary was a prominent Ohio newspaper publisher. During the American Civil War, his newspaper, the Crisis, was a nationally prominent voice for Peace Democrats. Continue Reading »
Message from Braxton Bragg Assuming Command of the Army of the Mississippi (CSA)
On June 27, 1862, Confederate General Braxton Bragg issued a message announcing that he was taking permanent command of the Army of the Mississippi. Continue Reading »
Message from Jefferson Davis Appointing Braxton Bragg to Command the Western Department
On June 20, 1862, Confederate President Jefferson Davis informed Braxton Bragg that he (Bragg) was replacing P.G.T. Beauregard as permanent commander of the Western Department. Continue Reading »
Message from Jefferson Davis Assigning Robert E. Lee to Command the Army of Northern Virginia
On June 1, 1862, Confederate President Jefferson Davis wrote to General Robert E. Lee. assigning him to command of the troops in Eastern Virginia and in North Carolina that would henceforth be known as the Army of Northern Virginia. Continue Reading »
Message from P.G.T. Beauregard Assuming Command of the Army of the Mississippi
On March 5, 1862, Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard issued a letter to his soldiers announcing that he was assuming command of the Army of the Mississippi. Continue Reading »
Michigan, U.S.S.
Built at Erie, Pennsylvania and commissioned in 1843, the U.S.S. Michigan spent its entire career patrolling the Great Lakes. For most of its term of service, it was the only iron-hulled ship patrolling the Great Lakes in the United States Navy. Continue Reading »
Middle Creek, Battle of
The Battle of Middle Creek of also known as the Battle of Big Sandy River, was fought in Floyd County, Kentucky on January 10, 1862. Continue Reading »
Militia Act of 1862
During the American Civil War, the Militia Act of 1862 boosted the size of the Union's armed forces by authorizing the enlistment of African Americans and by empowering the president to order governors to draft citizens into state militias to meet federal manpower quotas. Continue Reading »
Mill Springs, Battle of
The Battle of Mill Springs, also known as the Battle of Fishing Creek and the Battle of Logan's Crossroads, was the first major Union victory of the American Civil War. Fought in Pulaski and Wayne Counties, near the present-day city of Nancy, Kentucky, on January 19, 1862, Union forces, commanded by Brigadier General George H. Thomas, repulsed an early-morning attack, led by Major General George B. Crittenden, forcing the Confederates to abandon eastern Kentucky and to retreat into Tennessee. Continue Reading »
Mitchel, Ormsby MacKnight
Ormsby MacKnight Mitchel was a world-renowned astronomer and a Union major general during the American Civil War who served briefly as commander of the Department of the Ohio. Continue Reading »
Mitchell's Battery of Ohio Volunteer Artillery
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Mount Adams Battery
With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation. Continue Reading »
Munfordville, Battle of
Also known as the Battle of Green River, and the Battle of the Green River Bridge, the Battle of Munfordville was fought from September 14-17, 1862 at Munfordville, Kentucky, as part of the Confederate Heartland Campaign. Continue Reading »
Nelson, William
Murdered by fellow Union General Jefferson C. Davis in 1862, William "Bull" Nelson simultaneously served as a major general in the U.S. Volunteer Army and as a lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Northern Virginia Campaign
A string of Confederate victories during Northern Virginia Campaign enabled General Robert E. Lee to invade Maryland on September 4, 1862, taking the Civil War to Northern soil for the first time. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War