Entries in Civil War (1861)

Tyler, Erastus B.
Brigadier General Erastus B. Tyler was a Union officer who participated in many of the major battles of the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Union Medicine
During the American Civil War, the Union had the equivalent of 1,556,678 three-year enlistments, compared with roughly 1,083,000 for the Confederacy. Over 620,000 men perished, a figure that tops the total fatalities of all other wars in which Americans have fought. During the war, the average soldier could expect to become sick 5 or 6 times. This placed a tremendous burden on the medical departments of the North and the South. Continue Reading »
Van Dorn, Earl
Earl Van Dorn was a prominent Confederate general officer whose military career was cut short when he was assassinated by a jealous husband in 1863. Continue Reading »
Wade, Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Wade was a U.S. Senator from Ohio, a founder of the Republican Party, and a harsh critic of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson during and after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Wallace, Lew
Lew Wallace served as a general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and he was the author of the highly-acclaimed novel, Ben Hur, A Tale of the Christ. Continue Reading »
Warren, Gouverneur Kemble
Major General Gouverneur K. Warren was a prominent Union officer, who led the 5th Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac, until Major General Philip Sheridan relieved him of his command following the Battle of Five Forks in 1865. Continue Reading »
Washington Peace Conference
Proposed by Virginia and chaired by former U.S. President John Tyler, the Washington Peace Conference was an unsuccessful eleventh-hour attempt to save the Union and avoid the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Watie, Stand
The only American Indian to achieve the rank of general on either side during the American Civil War, Stand Watie was also the last Confederate general to lay down his sword. Continue Reading »
Western Virginia Campaign
Also known as the Rich Mountain Campaign, or simply Operations in Western Virginia, the Western Virginia Campaign was a struggle between Union and Confederate forces in 1861 for control of the mountainous area of western Virginia. Continue Reading »
Wheeler, Joseph
A prominent Confederate cavalry commander during the American Civil War, General Joseph Wheeler also represented Alabama in the U.S. House of Representatives for nine terms, and led U.S. forces during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine-American Insurrection. Continue Reading »
Wilson's Creek, Battle of
Fought on August 10, 1861, the Battle of Wilson's Creek was the first major Civil War battle fought west of the Mississippi River and the scene of the death of Nathaniel Lyon, the first Union general killed in combat. Continue Reading »
Wood, Thomas J.
Thomas J. Wood was a prominent Union general who participated in nearly every major campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur
A prominent general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, Horatio Wright served briefly as commander of the Department of the Ohio from August 19, 1862 to March 12, 1863. Continue Reading »
York’s Battery of Ohio Volunteer Artillery
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Zollicoffer, Felix
Tennessee-native Felix Kirk Zollicoffer was a newspaperman, congressman, and Confederate general who was killed at the Battle of Mill Springs during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War