Entries in Antebellum (Pre-1861)

Butler, Benjamin Franklin
A prominent Union officer, Major General Benjamin F. Butler also served as a United States Congressman and as Governor of Massachusetts after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Calhoun, John C.
A staunch defender of slavery, states' rights, and nullification, John C. Calhoun served the nation as a Congressional Representative and Senator from South Carolina, U.S. Secretary of War and Secretary of State, and Vice President of the United States during the Antebellum Era. Continue Reading »
Calhoun, John C. - Senate Speech on the Compromise of 1850 (Transcript)
Transcript of John C. Calhoun's speech on the Compromise of 1850, as delivered on the Senate floor by Virginia Senator James Mason. Continue Reading »
Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg
A career United States Army officer, Major General Edward Canby commanded the victorious Union troops during the Battle of Fort Blakely, which is often cited as the last major infantry engagement east of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain was a Union military commander during the American Civil War, earning a Congressional Medal of Honor for his heroics at the Battle of Gettysburg. He also served as Governor of Maine and as a professor and a president of Bowdoin College. Continue Reading »
Chivington, John M.
Known as the "Fighting Parson," John M. Chivington was an ordained Methodist minister and Union officer, who was acclaimed for his performance at the Battle of Glorieta Pass but condemned for his role in the Sand Creek Massacre. Continue Reading »
Clark, Charles
Ohio-born Charles Clark was a brigadier general in the Confederate Army and governor of Mississippi during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Cleburne, Patrick Ronayne
Major General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne was one of the Confederacy's leading general officers in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Clem, John Lincoln
Also known as Johnny Shiloh and the Drummer Boy of Chickamauga, Johnny Clem was one of the youngest Union soldiers to fight during the American Civil War, and he was the last Civil War veteran still on active duty in the army when he retired from the military in 1915. Continue Reading »
Committee of Thirty-three
The Committee of Thirty-three was a select committee of the House of Representatives established on December 4, 1860 to explore possibilities for resolving the nation's secession crisis. Continue Reading »
Compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850 was proposed by Kentucky Senator Henry Clay to resolve sectional issues in the United States regarding slavery after the Mexican-American War. Continue Reading »
Corwin Amendment
The Corwin Amendment was a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that was approved by Congress in 1861 in an attempt to avoid disunion and civil war. Continue Reading »
Corwin, Thomas
Long-time Ohio politician Thomas Corwin sponsored the Corwin Amendment in the U.S, House of Representatives in 1861 as an eleventh-hour attempt to avert the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Couch, Darius Nash
Darius N. Couch was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War, who served as a corps commander with the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater and as a division commander with the 23rd Army Corps in the Western Theater. Continue Reading »
Cox, Jacob Dolson
Jacob Cox was a nineteenth century American political and military leader who served as a brigadier general in the U.S. volunteer army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Cox, Samuel S.
Samuel Cox was a prominent lawyer, newspaper editor, and Peace Democrat who represented Ohio and, later, New York in Congress. Continue Reading »
Crawford, Samuel W.
A prominent Union general officer, Samuel W. Crawford was possibly the only person who was present for the beginning of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter and for the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House four years later. Continue Reading »
Crittenden Compromise
Proposed by Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden on December 18, 1860, the Crittenden Compromise, also known as the Crittenden Plan, was an unsuccessful eleventh-hour attempt to save the Union and to avoid the American Civil War, but the agreement was never adopted by the Senate. Continue Reading »
Curtis, Samuel R.
Perhaps one of the more underrated Union officers of the American Civil War, Major General Samuel R. Curtis played a prominent role in securing and maintaining Federal control of the border state of Missouri throughout the conflict. Continue Reading »
Custer, Thomas
Younger brother of General George Armstrong Custer, Thomas Ward Custer was twice awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War