Entries in Antebellum (Pre-1861)

Trumbull, Lyman
Lyman Trumbull served as a United States Senator from Illinois for nearly three decades. During his tenure, he spearheaded the enactment of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution and the Civil Rights Act of 1866. Continue Reading »
Truth, Sojourner
Born into bondage in New York, escaped slave Sojourner Truth was a renowned champion for abolition, women's rights, temperance, and prison reform during the 19th Century. Continue Reading »
Tyler, Erastus B.
Brigadier General Erastus B. Tyler was a Union officer who participated in many of the major battles of the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Utah War
Also known as the Utah Expedition and Buchanan's Blunder, the Utah War was an armed confrontation between Mormon settlers in the Utah Territory and the armed forces of the United States government. Continue Reading »
Van Dorn, Earl
Earl Van Dorn was a prominent Confederate general officer whose military career was cut short when he was assassinated by a jealous husband in 1863. Continue Reading »
Virginia Resolutions
Drafted by James Madison and adopted by the Virginia General Assembly on December 24, 1798, the Virginia Resolutions asserted that, collectively, the states have the right to interpose when the federal government exceeds its constitutional authority. Continue Reading »
Wade, Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Wade was a U.S. Senator from Ohio, a founder of the Republican Party, and a harsh critic of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson during and after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Wallace, Lew
Lew Wallace served as a general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and he was the author of the highly-acclaimed novel, Ben Hur, A Tale of the Christ. Continue Reading »
Warren, Gouverneur Kemble
Major General Gouverneur K. Warren was a prominent Union officer, who led the 5th Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac, until Major General Philip Sheridan relieved him of his command following the Battle of Five Forks in 1865. Continue Reading »
Washington Peace Conference
Proposed by Virginia and chaired by former U.S. President John Tyler, the Washington Peace Conference was an unsuccessful eleventh-hour attempt to save the Union and avoid the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Watie, Stand
The only American Indian to achieve the rank of general on either side during the American Civil War, Stand Watie was also the last Confederate general to lay down his sword. Continue Reading »
Webster, Daniel - Senate Speech on the Compromise of 1850 (Transcript)
Transcript of a speech Daniel Webster delivered on the floor of the United States Senate on March 7, 1850 in support of the Compromise of 1850. Continue Reading »
Wheeler, Joseph
A prominent Confederate cavalry commander during the American Civil War, General Joseph Wheeler also represented Alabama in the U.S. House of Representatives for nine terms, and led U.S. forces during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine-American Insurrection. Continue Reading »
Wilmot Proviso
Introduced by Congressman David Wilmot, but never enacted, the Wilmot Proviso would have banned the spread of slavery into territories Mexico ceded to the U. S. after the Mexican-American War. Continue Reading »
Wood, Thomas J.
Thomas J. Wood was a prominent Union general who participated in nearly every major campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur
A prominent general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, Horatio Wright served briefly as commander of the Department of the Ohio from August 19, 1862 to March 12, 1863. Continue Reading »
Wright, John Crafts
Born on August 17, 1783, Wright spent most of his youth in Wethersfield, Connecticut, his birth community. He earned a living as a printer and eventually became the editor of the Troy Gazette in Troy, New York. Continue Reading »
Zollicoffer, Felix
Tennessee-native Felix Kirk Zollicoffer was a newspaperman, congressman, and Confederate general who was killed at the Battle of Mill Springs during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War