Eastern Theater

Anaconda Plan
The Anaconda Plan is a term that describes General Winfield Scott's recommendation to slowly strangle the southern rebellion by blockading southern seaports and seizing control of the Mississippi River. Continue Reading »
Anderson, Robert
Commander of Fort Sumter during the engagement that started the American Civil War, Robert Anderson also served as commander of the Department of the Cumberland in 1861. Continue Reading »
Antietam, Battle of
The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, was the first major battle of the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. Fought near the town of Sharpsburg, Maryland, and Antietam Creek, on September 17, 1862, it was the bloodiest single day of battle in the war. Continue Reading »
Appomattox Campaign
Taking place during March and April 1865, the Appomattox Campaign culminated with Robert E. Lee's surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9. Continue Reading »
Appomattox Court House, Battle of
On March 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States. Upon his arrival in Washington, Grant drafted a plan to get the various Union armies in the field to act in concert to strike the Confederacy from several directions. Continue Reading »
Appomattox Station, Battle of
The Battle of Appomattox Station took place in Appomattox County, Virginia on April 8, 1865, during Appomattox Campaign. Continue Reading »
Armistead, Lewis Addison
Lewis Addison Armistead was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. He was mortally wounded during Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg. Continue Reading »
Army of Northeastern Virginia
The Army of Northeastern Virginia was the unofficial name of the Union's primary fighting force in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War prior to the formation of the Army of the Potomac. Continue Reading »
Army of the James
During the American Civil War, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant consolidated troops from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to form the Army of the James to support his Overland Campaign in 1864. Continue Reading »
Army of the Potomac (CSA)
Organized on June 20, 1861, the Army of the Potomac later became the Army of Northern Virginia, the principal military force of the Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Army of the Potomac (USA)
The Army of the Potomac was the Union's primary fighting force in the Eastern Theater throughout most of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Army of the Shenandoah (CSA)
The main Confederate force in northwestern Virginia after the beginning of the American Civil War, the Army of the Shenandoah, reinforced the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Bull Run I, securing a Confederate victory. Continue Reading »
Army of the Shenandoah (USA) (1861)
The first Army of the Shenandoah is an unofficial designation given to troops who served in the Shenandoah Valley in 1861 and 1862 during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Army of the Shenandoah (USA) (1864)
First commanded by Major General Philip Sheridan, the Army of the Shenandoah was formed in August 1864 to drive Confederate General Jubal Early's forces out of Shenandoah Valley. Continue Reading »
Army of West Virginia
The Army of West Virginia served under Brigadier-General George Crook during Major General Philip Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign in 1864. Continue Reading »
Banks, Nathaniel Prentice
Nathaniel Prentice Banks was a ten-time member of the United States House of Representatives and, during the American Civil War, one of President Abraham Lincoln's political generals. Continue Reading »
Battery C, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (Federal Organization)
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Battery D, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (Federal Organization)
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Battery H, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (Federal Organization)
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Battery I, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (Federal Organization)
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War