Eastern Theater

Cedar Creek, Battle of
On March 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln appointed native Ohioan Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States of America. Upon his arrival in Washington, Grant drafted a plan to get the various Union armies in the field to act in concert and strike the Confederacy from several directions. Continue Reading »
Cedar Mountain, Battle of
On August 9, 1862, Major General Stonewall Jackson rallied his soldiers to defeat Major General Nathaniel Banks' troops at the Battle of Cedar Mountain during the Northern Virginia Campaign. Continue Reading »
Chaffin’s Farm and New Market Heights, Battle of
Fought on September 29-30, 1864, during the Petersburg Campaign, the Battle of Chaffin’s Farm and New Market Heights was noteworthy for the heroism displayed by members of the United States Colored Troops. Continue Reading »
Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain was a Union military commander during the American Civil War, earning a Congressional Medal of Honor for his heroics at the Battle of Gettysburg. He also served as Governor of Maine and as a professor and a president of Bowdoin College. Continue Reading »
Chancellorsville, Battle of
Despite losing General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson to a mortal injury, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia defeated the Army of the Potomac, at the Battle of Chancellorsville (April 30 - May 6, 1863). Continue Reading »
Chantilly, Battle of
Also known as the Battle of Ox Hill, the Battle of Chantilly was fought on September 1, 1862 in Fairfax County, Virginia. The engagement was the last battle of Robert E. Lee's Northern Virginia Campaign. Continue Reading »
Cheat Mountain: Battle of
The Union victory at the Battle of Cheat Mountain, also known as the Battle of Cheat Summit Fort, fought from September 12 to 15, 1861, was instrumental in the formation of the State of West Virginia. Continue Reading »
Cold Harbor, Battle of
The Battle of Cold Harbor was the last major battle in Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign. Between May 31 and June 12, 1864, the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Major General George Meade, engaged the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General Robert E. Lee, at a strategic crossroads east of Richmond, known as Cold Harbor. The battle is most remembered for an ill-advised and poorly planned Union assault on Rebel lines on the morning of June 3. Continue Reading »
Companies G, H, and K 66th Regiment Illinois Infantry
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Company M, 11th Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Confederate Medicine
During the American Civil War, the Union had the equivalent of 1,556,678 three-year enlistments, compared with roughly 1,083,000 for the Confederacy. Over 620,000 men perished, a figure that tops the total fatalities of all other wars in which Americans have fought. During the war, the average soldier could expect to become sick 5 or 6 times. This placed a tremendous burden on the medical departments of the North and the South. Continue Reading »
Couch, Darius Nash
Darius N. Couch was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War, who served as a corps commander with the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater and as a division commander with the 23rd Army Corps in the Western Theater. Continue Reading »
Cox, Jacob Dolson
Jacob Cox was a nineteenth century American political and military leader who served as a brigadier general in the U.S. volunteer army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Crater Battle of the
Fought on July 30, 1864, the Battle of the Crater was a failed Union attempt to bring an early conclusion to the Petersburg Campaign, which subsequently lasted until March 1865. Continue Reading »
Crawford, Samuel W.
A prominent Union general officer, Samuel W. Crawford was possibly the only person who was present for the beginning of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter and for the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House four years later. Continue Reading »
Crook, George
George Crook was a noted officer in the United States Army during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars in the American West during the last half of the nineteenth century. Continue Reading »
Cross Keys, Battle of
Fought on June 8, 1862, the Battle of Cross Keys was the fifth engagement and fourth Confederate victory of the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Culpeper Court House, Battle of
The Battle of Culpeper Court House was a cavalry engagement fought in Culpeper County, Virginia on September 13, 1863. The cavalry corps of three divisions of the Union Army of the Potomac defeated the cavalry corps of two divisions of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Continue Reading »
Cumberland Church, Battle of
The Battle of Cumberland Church took place in Cumberland County, Virginia on April 7, 1865, during the Appomattox Campaign. Continue Reading »
Custer, Thomas
Younger brother of General George Armstrong Custer, Thomas Ward Custer was twice awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War