Eastern Theater

Battery K, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (Federal Organization)
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Battery L, 1st Regiment Ohio Light Artillery (Federal Organization)
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Continue Reading »
Beall, John Yates
Born on January 1, 1835, John Yates Beall spent his youth in Jefferson County, Virginia (modern-day West Virginia). He attended the University of Virginia, where he studied law, before returning home in 1855 without graduating. Continue Reading »
Beauregard, P.G.T.
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was an American military leader. As a general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, Beauregard served in the Eastern and Western theaters and was the victorious field commander at the First Battle of Bull Run near Manassas, Virginia on July 21, 1861. Continue Reading »
Beaver Dam Creek, Battle of
Also known as the Battle of Mechanicsville, and the Battle of Ellerson's Mill, the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek was the second engagement of the Seven Days Battles during the Peninsula Campaign. Continue Reading »
Big Bethel, Battle of
Considered by many historians to be the first major land engagement of the American Civil War, the Battle of Big Bethel was fought on June 10, 1861 at the southern end of the Virginia Peninsula. Continue Reading »
Blair, Francis Preston, Jr.
U.S. Senator and Congressman from Missouri, Frank P. Blair was one of President Abraham Lincoln's more successful political generals, rising to command the 15th and 17th Army Corps during most of the major campaigns in the Western Theater of the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Boonsboro, Battle of
Fought on July 8, 1863, the Battle of Boonsboro was one of several rearguard cavalry engagements in Washington County, Maryland following the Battle of Gettysburg. Continue Reading »
Boydton Plank Road, Battle of
Fought from October 27-28, 1864, during the Petersburg Campaign, the Battle of Boydton Plank Road was a failed Union attempt to sever the Boydton Plank Road and South Side Railroad south of Petersburg, Virginia. Continue Reading »
Brandy Station, Battle of
The Battle of Brandy Station, also known as the Battle of Fleetwood Hill, fought June 9, 1863, in Culpeper County, Virginia, was the largest cavalry engagement of the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Brawner's Farm, Battle of
Fought on August 28, 1862, the Battle of Brawner's Farm was the opening salvo of the Battle of Bull Run II. Continue Reading »
Bristoe Campaign
The Bristoe Campaign was a short series of engagements that took place in northeastern Virginia between October 13 and November 7, 1863, as the Union Army of the Potomac pursued the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia following the Federal victory at the Battle of Gettysburg in July. Continue Reading »
Bristoe Station, Battle of
Fought on October 14, 1863, the Battle of Bristoe Station was a decisive Union victory during the Bristoe Campaign. Continue Reading »
Buckland Mills, Battle of
Fought on October 19, 1863, the Battle of Buckland Mills was a decisive Confederate cavalry victory that Rebel troopers later derisively called the Buckland Races. Continue Reading »
Bull Run I, Battle of
The Battle of Bull Run I, also known as the Battle of Manassas I, was the first major land engagement of the American Civil War. Fought near the town of Manassas, Virginia, on July 21, 1861, the battle resulted in a decisive Confederate victory. Continue Reading »
Bull Run II, Battle of
The Battle of Bull Run II, also known as the Second Battle of Manassas, was fought on the same ground as the Battle of Bull Run I, near the town of Manassas Junction, Virginia, from August 28-30, 1862. The result of the battle was a decisive Confederate victory that enabled General Robert E. Lee to launch the South's first invasion of the North. Continue Reading »
Butler, Benjamin Franklin
A prominent Union officer, Major General Benjamin F. Butler also served as a United States Congressman and as Governor of Massachusetts after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg
A career United States Army officer, Major General Edward Canby commanded the victorious Union troops during the Battle of Fort Blakely, which is often cited as the last major infantry engagement east of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Carnifex Ferry, Battle of
The Battle of Carnifex Ferry took place in Nicholas County, Virginia (now West Virginia) on September 10, 1861. The Union victory left western Virginia under the control of Federal troops and contributed to the formation of the new state of West Virginia. Continue Reading »
Carrington Guards
With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War