Central Ohio

Columbus Videttes
With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries. Continue Reading »
Cox, Jacob Dolson
Jacob Cox was a nineteenth century American political and military leader who served as a brigadier general in the U.S. volunteer army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Cox, Samuel S.
Samuel Cox was a prominent lawyer, newspaper editor, and Peace Democrat who represented Ohio and, later, New York in Congress. Continue Reading »
Dennison, Jr., William
William Dennison, Jr., was the twenty-fourth Governor of Ohio, serving from January 9, 1860 through January 13, 1862. Dennison also served as Postmaster General of the United States from 1864 to 1866. Continue Reading »
Hayes, Rutherford B.
Civil War general, U.S. Congressman, and Governor of Ohio, Rutherford Birchard Hayes served as nineteenth President of the United States from March 3, 1877 to March 4, 1881. Continue Reading »
Kidwell, Newton Jasper
Captured for the final time in 1919, fifty-four years after the American Civil War ended, Ohioan Newton Jasper Kidwell was possibly the last Confederate soldier taken prisoner by Union soldiers. Continue Reading »
Lancaster Guards
With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries. Continue Reading »
McDowell, Irvin
Irvin McDowell was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War and a career army officer. He commanded the Army of Northeastern Virginia during the First Battle of Bull Run and was relieved of his command after this Union defeat. Continue Reading »
Medary, Samuel
Samuel Medary was a prominent Ohio newspaper publisher. During the American Civil War, his newspaper, the Crisis, was a nationally prominent voice for Peace Democrats. Continue Reading »
Olds, Edson Baldwin
Edson B. Olds was a Copperhead leader and three-term U.S. Congressman from Ohio. In 1862, federal officials arrested and imprisoned Olds for disloyalty. Continue Reading »
Reynolds, Daniel Harris
Ohio-born Daniel Harris Reynolds was a Confederate general, who served in the Far Western and Western Theaters of operations during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Ripley, Roswell Sabine
Ohio-born Roswell Sabine Ripley was a Confederate brigadier general, who served with the Department of South Carolina and the Army of Northern Virginia during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Rosecrans, William
William S. Rosecrans was a prominent Union general who, perhaps unfairly, is best remembered for his role during the Union defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga. Continue Reading »
Sheridan, Philip Henry
Philip Henry Sheridan was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War and a career army officer, who rose to the position of general-in-chief of the United States Army before his death in 1888. Despite his successful career, Sheridan remains a controversial figure due to his attacks on Southern civilians during the latter stages of the Civil War and his treatment of American Indians during the Indian Wars. Continue Reading »
Sherman, William Tecumseh
Celebrated in the North and reviled in the South, Ohioan William Tecumseh Sherman was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War. An accomplished soldier and able leader, Sherman is best remembered for warring against civilians during the Savannah and Carolina campaigns, which left a swath of destruction across the South during the latter part of the war. Continue Reading »
Swayne, Wager
Born in Columbus on November 10, 1834, Swayne followed in his father's footsteps, becoming a lawyer. Noah Haynes Swayne was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and most likely encouraged his son to pursue a legal career. Continue Reading »
Tod Barracks
Constructed in 1863, Tod Barracks, located in Columbus, Ohio, served as a recruitment and discharge base for soldiers in the Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The site was named in honor of Ohio Governor David Tod. Continue Reading »
Tod, David
David Tod was the twenty-fifth Governor of Ohio, serving from January 4, 1862 through January 11, 1864. He was Ohio's second governor during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War