13th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)

Also Known As: Thirteenth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)

Updated: November 25, 2010

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries.

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries. Typically, individual states would recruit and send volunteers to their respective federal governments. Initially, many states relied on militia forces. Historically, every British colony in North America had established a militia. The militia usually consisted of adult, able-bodied men, who would rally to defend the colonies and, following the American Revolution, states during military crises. By the start of the American Civil War, unfortunately for both the Confederate States of America and the United States of America, most state militias were in a decline and unprepared for a major war.

In Ohio, Governor William Dennison hoped to supply the United States government with men and supplies from the Ohio militia. Ohio's militia system was virtually nonexistent by 1861. While militia forces played a vital role in Ohio's history from the American Revolution to the War of 1812, most major military threats to Ohio's security ended with the War of 1812. Following this conflict, the federal government quickly removed most Native Americans further west, and in the decades immediately following the war, no European or other major power attacked the United States. Facing no serious internal or external threats, most states, including Ohio, allowed their militia organizations to weaken. Most militia groups became mere social organizations and did not actively practice or study military maneuvers or tactics.

Dennison quickly discovered that Ohio's militia system could not play an active role in the American Civil War. Following the Battle of Fort Sumter and President Abraham Lincoln’s call for seventy-five thousand volunteers to return the seceded states to the Union in April 1861, Ohio's governor sent Jacob Cox, a state politician, and George McClellan, a former United States Army officer and current businessman, to Ohio's arsenal to assess the availability of weapons and supplies. Cox and McClellan found three or four crates of smoothbore muskets, a number of inoperable six-pound cannons, and some mildewed horse harnesses. Upon learning of the dire condition of the state's military supplies, Dennison still encouraged Ohioans to reestablish militia units to defend the state from Southern attack and to assist the federal government in reuniting the nation.

Ohioans quickly responded to the governor's and the federal government's call for troops. Among Ohio's earliest regiments was the 13th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. This organization enrolled between April 20, 1861 and April 27, 1861. The regiment was formally mustered into the United States military at Camp Jackson in Columbus, Ohio from April 24, 1861 to May 4, 1861. Officials soon requested that the soldiers reenlist for three years of service. Most soldiers agreed to extend their service, and those men who did not reenlist were mustered out of service upon the end of their three-months term between August 14, 1861 and August 25, 1861.

13th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service):

Roster of Officers:

Name

Age

Rank

Date of Entering Service

Term of Service

A. Saunders Piatt

40

Colonel

April 30, 1861

Three months

Columbus B. Mason

28

Lieutenant Colonel

April 30, 1861

Three months

Joseph S. Hawkins

33

Major

April 30, 1861

Three months

Samuel D. Turney

33

Surgeon

May 2, 1861

Three months

Reason A. Henderson

24

Adjutant

April 30, 1861

Three months

Alexander H. Staunton

23

Quartermaster Sergeant

April 22, 1861

Three months

W.H. Connell

23

Hospital Steward

April 22, 1861

Three months

Joseph R. Watson

25

Drum Major

April 24, 1861

Three months

John A. Corwin

41

Captain

April 22, 1861

Three months

Samuel W. Ashmead

25

Captain

April 16, 1861

Three months

F.S. Parker

33

Captain

April 22, 1861

Three months

Donn Piatt

40

Captain

April 24, 1861

Three months

Benjamin P. Runkle

24

Captain

April 17, 1861

Three months

Albert F. Beach

30

Captain

April 19, 1861

Three months

William Schneider

40

Captain

April 20, 1861

Three months

Jeremiah Slocum

26

Captain

April 25, 1861

Three months

John Castell

42

Captain

April 27, 1861

Three months

James McGarr

25

Captain

April 22, 1861

Three months

Daniel G. Coleman

25

First Lieutenant

April 22, 1861

Three months

Nelson Lutz

22

First Lieutenant

April 22, 1861

Three months

Isaac R. Gardner

33

First Lieutenant

April 16, 1861

Three months

Thomas R. Roberts

21

First Lieutenant

April 24, 1861

Three months

Elhanan M. Mast

29

First Lieutenant

April 17, 1861

Three months

Dwight Jarvis, Jr.

25

First Lieutenant

April 19, 1861

Three months

Maecenas C. Lawrence

29

First Lieutenant

April 25, 1861

Three months

Nicholas Reiter

25

First Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

John Conwell

23

First Lieutenant

April 27, 1861

Three months

William R. Wallace

28

First Lieutenant

April 22, 1861

Three months

Joseph T. Snider

22

Second Lieutenant

April 22, 1861

Three months

Miles A. Saunders

28

Second Lieutenant

April 27, 1861

Three months

Louis Krob

32

Second Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

David S. Hartshorn

25

Second Lieutenant

April 25, 1861

Three months

Philip Wendling

30

Second Lieutenant

April 19, 1861

Three months

Jeptha H. Powell

24

Second Lieutenant

April 17, 1861

Three months

James O. Stanage

25

Second Lieutenant

April 24, 1861

Three months

James E. Doney

36

Second Lieutenant

April 22, 1861

Three months

Israel C. Robinson

26

Second Lieutenant

April 16, 1861

Three months

William W. Jackson

25

Second Lieutenant

April 23, 1861

Three months

 

Cite this Entry

MLA Style

"13th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)," Ohio Civil War Central, 2021, Ohio Civil War Central. 19 Sep 2021 <http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=98>

APA Style

"13th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)." (2021) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved September 19, 2021, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=98

Comments powered by Disqus

Related Entries

Categories

Topics

This entry has not been associated with any topics.

Time Periods

This entry has not been associated with any time periods.

Regions

This entry has not been associated with any geographic regions.

Help support the ongoing development of Ohio Civil War Central by clicking the banner and then purchasing products from Amazon.com.

Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War