10th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)

Also Known As: Tenth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service), One Hundred Ninetieth Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)

Updated: November 25, 2010

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries.

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries. Typically, individual states would recruit and send volunteers to their respective federal governments. Initially, many states relied on militia forces. Historically, every British colony in North America had established a militia. The militia usually consisted of adult, able-bodied men, who would rally to defend the colonies and, following the American Revolution, states during military crises. By the start of the American Civil War, unfortunately for both the Confederate States of America and the United States of America, most state militias were in a decline and unprepared for a major war.

In Ohio, Governor William Dennison hoped to supply the United States government with men and supplies from the Ohio militia. Ohio's militia system was virtually nonexistent by 1861. While militia forces played a vital role in Ohio's history from the American Revolution to the War of 1812, most major military threats to Ohio's security ended with the War of 1812. Following this conflict, the federal government quickly removed most Native Americans further west, and in the decades immediately following the war, no European or other major power attacked the United States. Facing no serious internal or external threats, most states, including Ohio, allowed their militia organizations to weaken. Most militia groups became mere social organizations and did not actively practice or study military maneuvers or tactics.

Dennison quickly discovered that Ohio's militia system could not play an active role in the American Civil War. Following the Battle of Fort Sumter and President Abraham Lincoln’s call for seventy-five thousand volunteers to return the seceded states to the Union in April 1861, Ohio's governor sent Jacob Cox, a state politician, and George McClellan, a former United States Army officer and current businessman, to Ohio's arsenal to assess the availability of weapons and supplies. Cox and McClellan found three or four crates of smoothbore muskets, a number of inoperable six-pound cannons, and some mildewed horse harnesses. Upon learning of the dire condition of the state's military supplies, Dennison still encouraged Ohioans to reestablish militia units to defend the state from Southern attack and to assist the federal government in reuniting the nation.

Ohioans quickly responded to the governor's and the federal government's call for troops. Among Ohio's earliest regiments was the 10th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. This organization enrolled at Camp Harrison, at Cincinnati, Ohio, between April 18, 1861 and April 24, 1861.In mid May 1861, military authorities ordered the 10th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry  to Camp Dennison, a military base north of Cincinnati. Officials soon requested that the soldiers reenlist for three years of service. Most soldiers agreed, but those men who did not reenlist were mustered out of service upon the end of their three-months term on August 23, 1861.

10th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service):

Roster of Officers:

Name

Age

Rank

Date of Entering Service

Term of Service

William H. Lytle

34

Colonel

August 22, 1861

Three months

Herman J. Korf

36

Lieutenant Colonel

August 22, 1861

Three months

Joseph W. Burke

25

Major

August 22, 1861

Three months

Charles S. Muscroft

42

Surgeon

August 22, 1861

Three months

John B. Rice

29

Assistant Surgeon

August 22, 1861

Three months

James A. Grover

23

Adjutant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Nicholas Knox

43

Sergeant Major

August 22, 1861

Three months

George C. Miller

36

Quartermaster Sergeant

August 22, 1861

Three months

William T.O. Higgins

33

Chaplain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Charles Nickel

39

Principal Musician

August 22, 1861

Three months

John O'Dowd

30

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Emil Seip

36

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Oliver C. Pier

35

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Robert M. Moore

44

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

James P. Sedam

26

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Thomas G. Tiernon

35

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

William N. Ward

28

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Henry Robinson

37

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Christian Amis

37

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Stephen J. McGroarty


Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

John Fanning

30

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

John E. Hudson

24

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

P.C. Marmion

24

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Thomas McMullen

38

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Charles C. Cramsey

26

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

S.G.W. Peterson

32

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Isaac J. Carter

20

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

 Conrad Friedrich

35

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

 James M. Fitzgerald

28

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

George Schaefenacker

30

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

John Bentley

33

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

 Nicholas Lacy

25

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Joseph Connolly

24

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

William H. Steel

23

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Sebastian Eustachio

37

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

John Sullivan

23

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

John S. Mulroy

21

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

James T. Hickey

24

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Rudolph Seebaum

24

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

 John Cranley

29

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

 

Cite this Entry

MLA Style

"10th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)," Ohio Civil War Central, 2019, Ohio Civil War Central. 21 Oct 2019 <http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=92>

APA Style

"10th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)." (2019) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved October 21, 2019, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=92

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