9th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)

Also Known As: Ninth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)

Updated: November 25, 2010

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries.

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries. Typically, individual states would recruit and send volunteers to their respective federal governments. Initially, many states relied on militia forces. Historically, every British colony in North America had established a militia. The militia usually consisted of adult, able-bodied men, who would rally to defend the colonies and, following the American Revolution, states during military crises. By the start of the American Civil War, unfortunately for both the Confederate States of America and the United States of America, most state militias were in a decline and unprepared for a major war.

In Ohio, Governor William Dennison hoped to supply the United States government with men and supplies from the Ohio militia. Ohio's militia system was virtually nonexistent by 1861. While militia forces played a vital role in Ohio's history from the American Revolution to the War of 1812, most major military threats to Ohio's security ended with the War of 1812. Following this conflict, the federal government quickly removed most Native Americans further west, and in the decades immediately following the war, no European or other major power attacked the United States. Facing no serious internal or external threats, most states, including Ohio, allowed their militia organizations to weaken. Most militia groups became mere social organizations and did not actively practice or study military maneuvers or tactics.

Dennison quickly discovered that Ohio's militia system could not play an active role in the American Civil War. Following the Battle of Fort Sumter and President Abraham Lincoln’s call for seventy-five thousand volunteers to return the seceded states to the Union in April 1861, Ohio's governor sent Jacob Cox, a state politician, and George McClellan, a former United States Army officer and current businessman, to Ohio's arsenal to assess the availability of weapons and supplies. Cox and McClellan found three or four crates of smoothbore muskets, a number of inoperable six-pound cannons, and some mildewed horse harnesses. Upon learning of the dire condition of the state's military supplies, Dennison still encouraged Ohioans to reestablish militia units to defend the state from Southern attack and to assist the federal government in reuniting the nation.

Ohioans quickly responded to the governor's and the federal government's call for troops. Among Ohio's earliest regiments was the 9th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. This organization was formed  on April 22, 1861 and enrolled into the United States military at Camp Harrison, at Cincinnati, Ohio, on May 8, 1861. Most members of the regiment were German-Americans from Cincinnati. On May 18, military authorities ordered the 9th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry  to Camp Dennison, a military base north of Cincinnati. Officials soon requested that the soldiers reenlist for three years of service. Most soldiers agreed, making the 9th Regiment the first three-years regiment from Ohio, but those men who did not reenlist were mustered out of service upon the end of their three-months term on August 4, 1861.

9th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service):

Roster of Officers:

Name

Age

Rank

Date of Entering Service

Term of Service

Robert L. McCook

31

Colonel

August 22, 1861

Three months

Charles Sondershoff

37

Lieutenant Colonel

August 22, 1861

Three months

Frank Linke

38

Major

August 22, 1861

Three months

Charles E. Boyle

40

Surgeon

August 22, 1861

Three months

Rudolph Worth

28

Assistant Surgeon

August 22, 1861

Three months

August Willich

40

Adjutant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Herman Raimund

42

Sergeant Major

August 22, 1861

Three months

Adolph Raedelheim

25

Quartermaster - Sergeant

August 22, 1861

Three months

George Schveinfest


Principal Musician

August 22, 1861

Three months

Guenther Seidensticker

25

Fife Major

August 22, 1861

Three months

Charles Joseph

29

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

William C. Margedant

26

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Henry Broderson

37

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Frederick Schroeder

35

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Lewis C. Frintz

24

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Gustav Kammerling

41

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Theodore Lammers

28

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Frank Coguelin

30

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

John Gausen

35

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

George Sommer

40

Captain

August 22, 1861

Three months

Morris Pohlman

25

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Charles Jahn

25

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Bartholmew Benz

32

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Ernst Rubenow

33

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

George H. Harries

27

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Gebhard Krug

39

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Louis Heuser

34

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Gustav F. Nepper

27

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Nathan Levy

43

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Lucas Schwank

53

First Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Theodore Haffner

37

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Jacob Gluchowsby

31

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Adolph Kuehn

30

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Henry Hunger

43

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Charles Mumm

29

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Martin Bruner

22

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Charles Lauenstein

28

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Joseph Haider

32

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Jacob Muller

33

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

Ferdinand Muller

24

Second Lieutenant

August 22, 1861

Three months

 

Cite this Entry

MLA Style

"9th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)," Ohio Civil War Central, 2019, Ohio Civil War Central. 21 Oct 2019 <http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=90>

APA Style

"9th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)." (2019) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved October 21, 2019, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=90

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