In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units.
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Almost 330,000 Ohio men, including 5,092 African Americans, served in the Union military during the conflict.
Artillery units in Ohio served for varying lengths of time, averaging one hundred days to three years. By mid 1863, Union soldiers had captured numerous Confederate fortifications in the South. The United States government authorized the creation of heavy artillery units to garrison these forts. Ohio provided the government with the 2nd Regiment Ohio Heavy Artillery, which consisted of twelve different batteries. The 2nd's Battery L mustered into service on September 7, 1863, at Covington Barracks, at Covington, Kentucky. The men in the battery were to serve three years.
On October 8, 1863, Battery L left Covington for Fort Boone, at Frankfort, Kentucky. The battery garrisoned Fort Boone until December 1863, when the organization manned Battery Simons at Munfordsville, Kentucky. On May 26, 1864, Battery L began an advance to Camp Sedgwick, at Cleveland, Tennessee. The battery moved to Charleston, Tennessee on August 3, 1864, and on August 18, 1864, Battery L engaged Confederate forces under Joseph Wheeler, helping the Union soldiers to repulse the Southerners' attack at Charleston.
On October 9, 1864, Battery L began an advance to Knoxville, Tennessee. The battery departed Knoxville for Strawberry Plains, Tennessee on November 18, 1864. Officials ordered the battery to assist beleaguered Union forces at Strawberry Plains. Two days later, Battery L returned to Knoxville. On December 7, 1864, the battery, along with other Union forces, participated in a brief campaign into western Virginia, returning to Knoxville on December 29, 1864. In January 1865, the organization moved to Strawberry Plains, guarding this community until August 23, 1865.
On August 23, 1865, officials ordered Battery L to Nashville, Tennessee, where the organization mustered out of service. Authorities then sent Battery L to Camp Chase at Columbus, Ohio, where officials discharged the battery's members from military duty on August 29, 1865.
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"Battery L, 2nd Regiment Ohio Heavy Artillery," Ohio Civil War Central, 2022, Ohio Civil War Central. 19 Aug 2022 <http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=818>
"Battery L, 2nd Regiment Ohio Heavy Artillery." (2022) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved August 19, 2022, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=818