Camp Gallipolis (1862 - 1864)

Updated: May 05, 2011

With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation.

With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation. Unfortunately for Dennison, many of Ohio’s militia units were no longer in existence. Those units that continued to operate were primarily social organizations that rarely practiced military maneuvers. Following the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1861, President Lincoln called for seventy-five thousand volunteers to subdue the Confederate States of America. Despite the lack of a well-trained militia, Governor Dennison beseeched communities to send their militia companies to Columbus, Ohio for possible use by the North during the American Civil War.

To process Ohio’s volunteers, Governor Dennison ordered the creation of Camp Jackson at Columbus. To help speed soldiers’ inductions into Ohio’s military, Dennison soon authorized the establishment of other camps across the state, including Camp Gallipolis at Gallipolis, Ohio. Camp Gallipolis remained in use during 1862, 1863, and 1864. The camp was named in honor of the city of Gallipolis. The 60th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, the 92nd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, the 116th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, the 140th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, the 141st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and the 173rd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry organized at Camp Gallipolis.

 

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"Camp Gallipolis," Ohio Civil War Central, 2019, Ohio Civil War Central. 18 Jun 2019 <http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=436>

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"Camp Gallipolis." (2019) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved June 18, 2019, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=436

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