8th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)

Also Known As: Eighth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry

Updated: November 25, 2010

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries.

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries. Typically, individual states would recruit and send volunteers to their respective federal governments. Initially, many states relied on militia forces. Historically, every British colony in North America had established a militia. The militia usually consisted of adult, able-bodied men, who would rally to defend the colonies and, following the American Revolution, states during military crises. By the start of the American Civil War, unfortunately for both the Confederate States of America and the United States of America, most state militias were in a decline and unprepared for a major war.

In Ohio, Governor William Dennison hoped to supply the United States government with men and supplies from the Ohio militia. Ohio's militia system was virtually nonexistent by 1861. While militia forces played a vital role in Ohio's history from the American Revolution to the War of 1812, most major military threats to Ohio's security ended with the War of 1812. Following this conflict, the federal government quickly removed most Native Americans further west, and in the decades immediately following the war, no European or other major power attacked the United States. Facing no serious internal or external threats, most states, including Ohio, allowed their militia organizations to weaken. Most militia groups became mere social organizations and did not actively practice or study military maneuvers or tactics.

Dennison quickly discovered that Ohio's militia system could not play an active role in the American Civil War. Following the Battle of Fort Sumter and President Abraham Lincoln’s call for seventy-five thousand volunteers to return the seceded states to the Union in April 1861, Ohio's governor sent Jacob Cox, a state politician, and George McClellan, a former United States Army officer and current businessman, to Ohio's arsenal to assess the availability of weapons and supplies. Cox and McClellan found three or four crates of smoothbore muskets, a number of inoperable six-pound cannons, and some mildewed horse harnesses. Upon learning of the dire condition of the state's military supplies, Dennison still encouraged Ohioans to reestablish militia units to defend the state from Southern attack and to assist the federal government in reuniting the nation.

Ohioans quickly responded to the governor's and the federal government's call for troops. Among Ohio's earliest regiments was the 8th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. This organization was formed between April 18, 1861 and April 27, 1861. The regiment reported to Camp Taylor, at Cleveland, Ohio on April 29, 1861. The 8th Ohio Volunteer Infantry's members enlisted for three months of military duty. Officials sent the entire regiment to Camp Dennison, near Cincinnati, Ohio, on May 2, 1861, with the unit arriving the next day. Military authorities soon requested that the soldiers reenlist for three years of service. Except for the men of Company I, most soldiers agreed, but those who did not were mustered out of service upon the end of their three-months term between August 18, 1861 and August 22, 1861.

8th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service):

Roster of Officers:

Name

Age

Rank

Date of Entering Service

Term of Service

Hiram De Puy

44

Colonel

April 27, 1861

Three months

Freeman E. Franklin

37

Lieutenant Colonel

April 22, 1861

Three months

Henry F. Willson

33

Major

April 20, 1861

Three months

Benjamin Tappan

49

Surgeon

May 2, 1861

Three months

Samuel Sexton

28

Assistant Surgeon

May 2, 1861

Three months

Charles A. Park

28

Adjutant

April 27, 1861

Three months

Charles A. Wright

38

Sergeant Major

April 20, 1861

Three months

Robert L. McConnell

28

Quartermaster Sergeant

April 27, 1861

Three months

David D. Bogart

54

Drum Major

April 27, 1861

Three months

Andrew F. Hamlin

31

Fife Major

April 27, 1861

Three months

Freeman E. Franklin

37

Captain

April 22, 1861

Three months

Ezra W. Clark

22

Captain

April 22, 1861

Three months

William Kenney

45

Captain

April 18, 1861

Three months

Francis W. Butterfield

30

Captain

April 20, 1861

Three months

Franklin Sawyer

35

Captain

April 20, 1861

Three months

James E. Gregg

26

Captain

April 24, 1861

Three months

George M. Tillotson

44

Captain

April 19, 1861

Three months

Hirmin G. Depuy

41

Captain

April 24, 1861

Three months

William E. Haynes

32

Captain

April 24, 1861

Three months

William W. Starr

25

Captain

April 20, 1861

Three months

Henry F. Wilson

33

Captain

April 20, 1861

Three months

Elizur G. Johnson

24

Captain

April 20, 1861

Three months

Wilbur F. Pierce

27

Captain


Three months

Henry W. Fritz

23

First Lieutenant


Three months

Lewis Breckenridge

28

First Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

Charles A. Park

28

First Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

Edward F. Dickinson

32

First Lieutenant

April 24, 1861

Three months

Charles M. Fouke

31

First Lieutenant

April 19, 1861

Three months

John Bixby

25

First Lieutenant

April 24, 1861

Three months

Horace Kellogg

34

First Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

Enoch W. Merriman

30

First Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

William Delaney

40

First Lieutenant

April 18, 1861

Three months

Benjamin F. Ogle

32

First Lieutenant

April 22, 1861

Three months

Charles W. Barnes

20

Second Lieutenant

April 22, 1861

Three months

Christopher Keary

28

Second Lieutenant

April 18, 1861

Three months

David Lewis

23

Second Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

Daniel C. Daggett

33

Second Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

Alfred T. Craig

29

Second Lieutenant

April 24, 1861

Three months

Everton J. Conger

25

Second Lieutenant

April 19, 1861

Three months

Creighton Thompson

29

Second Lieutenant

April 24, 1861

Three months

Harry C. Laundon

22

Second Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

Daniel W. Houghton

28

Second Lieutenant

April 20, 1861

Three months

Otis Shaw, Jr.

24

Second Lieutenant

April 23, 1861

Three months

 

Cite this Entry

MLA Style

"8th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)," Ohio Civil War Central, 2019, Ohio Civil War Central. 16 Oct 2019 <http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=41>

APA Style

"8th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)." (2019) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved October 16, 2019, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=41

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