Entries, A-Z

Van Dorn, Earl
Earl Van Dorn was a prominent Confederate general officer whose military career was cut short when he was assassinated by a jealous husband in 1863. Continue Reading »
Van Zandt, Gilbert
When he was purportedly only ten years, seven months, and sixteen days old, Gilbert Van Zandt enlisted in the Union Army, making him one of the youngest soldiers to fight in the American Civil War. He was born on December 20, 1851, in Port William, Ohio. Continue Reading »
Vaughan Road, Battle of
SEE Peeble's Farm, Battle of»
Veteran Battalion
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Almost 330,000 Ohio men, including 5,092 African Americans, served in the Union military during the conflict. Continue Reading »
Vicksburg Campaign
The Vicksburg Campaign was a series of operations and battles conducted by Union forces during the American Civil War. The goal of the campaign was to capture the strategic city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, located on the Mississippi River. Continue Reading »
Vicksburg, Siege of
By late 1861, President Abraham Lincoln was pressuring Union commanders in the west to invade the South. On January 30, 1862, the Western Theater commander, General Henry Halleck, reluctantly approved Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant's request to attack Fort Henry, located on the Tennessee River. Continue Reading »
Virginia Resolutions
Drafted by James Madison and adopted by the Virginia General Assembly on December 24, 1798, the Virginia Resolutions asserted that, collectively, the states have the right to interpose when the federal government exceeds its constitutional authority. Continue Reading »
Wade, Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Wade was a U.S. Senator from Ohio, a founder of the Republican Party, and a harsh critic of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson during and after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Wade, Melancthon Smith
Wade was born on December 2, 1802 in Cincinnati, Ohio. His father, Daniel Everett Wade, was a soldier in the American Revolution and was held captive by the British in New York City. Continue Reading »
Wade-Davis Bill
Co-authored by Ohio Senator Benjamin Wade and Maryland Congressman Henry Winter Davis in 1864, the Wade-Davis Bill was an attempt to impose harsh Reconstruction terms on the South, which President Lincoln pocket vetoed. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War