New Entries to the Encyclopedia

Brawner's Farm, Battle of
Fought on August 28, 1862, the Battle of Brawner's Farm was the opening salvo of the Battle of Bull Run II. Continue Reading »
Helena, Battle of
Often obscured by the Confederate surrender of Vicksburg and the Union victory at the Battle of Gettysburg, the Battle of Helena, fought on July 4, 1863, was the last major Confederate offensive launched in Arkansas during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Iron Brigade
Composed of regiments from Wisconsin, Indiana, and Michigan, the Iron Brigade sacrificed proportionally more in terms of human life than any other Union brigade during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Stonewall Brigade
Populated by recruits from Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, and originally commanded by Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, the Stonewall Brigade participated in nearly every major campaign in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Special Orders, No. 92 (Department of the Missouri)
On December 25, 1861, Major General Henry W. Halleck appointed Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis to command the Southwestern District of Missouri. Continue Reading »
Irish Brigade
Composed mostly of Irishmen from New York, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania, including eleven Congressional Medal of Honor recipients, the Irish Brigade suffered the third-highest number of battlefield casualties of any Union brigade during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Yazoo Pass Expedition
The Yazoo Pass Expedition was a failed Union attempt to advance on Vicksburg, Mississippi, in the spring of 1863. Continue Reading »
Fort Pemberton, Battle of
Fought between March 11–18, 1863, the Battle of Fort Pemberton was the primary engagement of the Yazoo Pass Expedition. Continue Reading »
Army of Vicksburg
Formally named the Army of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton's Army of Vicksburg was charged with defending Vicksburg, Mississippi, during Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign in 1863. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 1 (Dept. of Ms. & E. La.) (CSA)
On October 1, 1862, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton issued General Orders, No. 1 (Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, announcing that he had taken command of the department. Continue Reading »
Special Orders, No. 240 (CSA)
On October 14, 1862 the Confederate War Department issued Special Orders, No. 270 announcing the promotion of John C. Pemberton to lieutenant general and expanding his command to include forces in Southern Tennessee. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 73 (CSA)
On October 1, 1862, the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 73, creating the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana under the command of Major General John C. Pemberton. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 17 (Dept. of Ms. & E. La.) (CSA)
On December 7, 1862, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton issued General Orders, No. 17, (Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana) naming the forces under his command the Army of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. Continue Reading »
Jackson, Battle of
The Union victory at the Battle of Jackson paved the way for subsequent victories at the Battle of Champion Hill (May 16, 1863), the Battle of Big Black River Bridge (May 17, 1863), and the surrender of Vicksburg (July 4, 1863) following a prolonged siege. Continue Reading »
Charleston, Battle of
Fought on September 13, 1862, in Charleston, Virginia (now West Virginia), the Battle of Charleston was the culminating engagement of Confederate Major General William Wing Loring's successful Kanawha Valley campaign. Continue Reading »
Kanawha Valley Campaign
In September 1862, Major General William Wing Loring led a successful campaign that briefly reestablished Confederate control of the Kanawha Valley and western Virginia after occupying Charleston, Virginia (now West Virginia). Continue Reading »
Pemberton, John Clifford
Vilified by Northerners for leaving the U.S. Army to fight for the South, and by Southerners for surrendering Vicksburg, Pennsylvanian, John C. Pemberton rose to the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Smith, William Sooy
A native of Tarlton, Ohio, Brigadier General William Sooy Smith served in many of the Western Theater's important campaigns during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Okolona, Battle of
The Battle of Okolona was the climax of a failed Union expedition led by Brigadier General William Sooy Smith during the Meridian Campaign in February 1864. Continue Reading »
Meridian Campaign
Union General William T. Sherman's Meridian Campaign served as a modest rehearsal for his later "March to the Sea" in Georgia, and the Carolinas Campaign, by spreading a path of destruction across central Mississippi in early 1864. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War