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Union General John M. Schofield

Schofield, John McAllister

John McAllister Schofield was a prominent Union general who served primarily in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. As commanding general of the Army of the Ohio, Schofield played a leading role in the Atlanta Campaign (May 7–September 2, 1864) and the Franklin-Nashville Campaign (September 18-December 27, 1864). After the war, he served briefly as Secretary of War under President Andrew Johnson (1868-1869), Superintendent of the United States Military Academy (1876-1881), and commanding general of the United States Army (1888-1895). In 1892, John M. Schofield received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his "conspicuous gallantry" during the Battle of Wilson's Creek (August 10, 1861). Continue Reading »

Union General Philip Sheridan

Sheridan, Philip Henry

Philip Henry Sheridan was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War and a career army officer, who rose to the position of general-in-chief of the United States Army before his death in 1888. Despite his successful career, Continue Reading »

Union General William T. Sherman

Sherman, William Tecumseh

Celebrated in the North and reviled in the South, Ohioan William Tecumseh Sherman was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War. An accomplished soldier and able leader, Sherman is best remembered for warring against civilians during the Savannah and Carolina campaigns, which left a swath of destruction across the South during the latter part of the war. Continue Reading »

Union Brigadier General John Potts Slough

Slough, John Potts

Ohioan John Potts Slough was a brigadier-general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton

Stanton, Edwin McMasters

During the American Civil War, Ohioan Edwin McMasters Stanton served as President Abraham Lincoln's Secretary of War from 1862 and 1865. He remained in this same position from 1865 to 1868 during President Andrew Johnson's administration. Continue Reading »

Union Major General James Blair Steedman

Steedman, James Blair

During the American Civil War, Ohioan James Blair Steedman attained the rank of major general in the Union military and played a pivotal role in the Battle of Chickamauga and in the defense of Nashville, Tennessee in 1864. Continue Reading »

Congressional Medal of Honor winner Wager Swayne

Swayne, Wager

Ohioan Wager Swayne was a Congressional Medal of Honor during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

George Henry Thomas

Thomas, George Henry

George Henry Thomas was a prominent Union general who served primarily in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy and a career army officer, Thomas chose to remain in the service of his country rather than side with his home state of Virginia when the war began. Thomas commanded the first noteworthy Federal victory of the war at the Battle of Mills Springs in Kentucky. Thomas was also present at the Battles of Shiloh, Corinth, Perryville, Stones River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, and most of the engagements of William T. Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. At Chickamauga, Thomas earned the nickname "Rock of Chickamauga." During John Bell Hood's Franklin-Nashville Campaign, Thomas directed the Federal forces that crushed the Army of Tennessee, culminating with the Union victory at the Battle of Nashville, which effectively ended the last major campaign in the Western Theater. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War