Brown, John
John Brown was an ardent abolitionist whose raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry in October 1859 intensified the sectional dispute over slavery in the United States and hastened the nation toward civil war. Continue Reading »
Buckner, Simon B.
A prominent Confederate commander during the American Civil War, General Simon Buckner also served one term as governor of Kentucky after the conflict. Continue Reading »
Buell, Don Carlos
Native Ohioan Don Carlos Buell was a Union general during the American Civil War who directed the Department of the Ohio and commanded the Army of the Ohio in the Western Theater. Buell's army helped turn the tide to a Union victory at the Battle of Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862). Continue Reading »
Buford, Jr., John
A prominent Union cavalry officer, Major General John Buford is credited with choosing the ground upon which the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in July 1863. Continue Reading »
Burnside, Ambrose E.
Ambrose Everett Burnside was an American politician, industrialist, inventor, and one of four generals to command the Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War. He also served as commander of the Department of the Ohio, where he worked to eradicate opposition to the Union war effort by Peace Democrats and Copperheads. Continue Reading »
Butler, Benjamin Franklin
A prominent Union officer, Major General Benjamin F. Butler also served as a United States Congressman and as Governor of Massachusetts after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Calhoun, John C.
A staunch defender of slavery, states' rights, and nullification, John C. Calhoun served the nation as a Congressional Representative and Senator from South Carolina, U.S. Secretary of War and Secretary of State, and Vice President of the United States during the Antebellum Era. Continue Reading »
Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg
A career United States Army officer, Major General Edward Canby commanded the victorious Union troops during the Battle of Fort Blakely, which is often cited as the last major infantry engagement east of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Carroll, Samuel Spriggs
Born in Takoma Park, Maryland on September 21, 1832, Carroll was educated at local schools. Deciding to pursue a career in the United States Army, Carroll received an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point. Continue Reading »
Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain was a Union military commander during the American Civil War, earning a Congressional Medal of Honor for his heroics at the Battle of Gettysburg. He also served as Governor of Maine and as a professor and a president of Bowdoin College. Continue Reading »
Chase, Salmon Portland
Salmon Portland Chase was the twenty-third Governor of Ohio, a U.S. Senator, the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury during the Civil War, and the Sixth Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Continue Reading »
Chivington, John M.
Known as the "Fighting Parson," John M. Chivington was an ordained Methodist minister and Union officer, who was acclaimed for his performance at the Battle of Glorieta Pass but condemned for his role in the Sand Creek Massacre. Continue Reading »
Clark, Charles
Ohio-born Charles Clark was a brigadier general in the Confederate Army and governor of Mississippi during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Cleburne, Patrick Ronayne
Major General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne was one of the Confederacy's leading general officers in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Clem, John Lincoln
Also known as Johnny Shiloh and the Drummer Boy of Chickamauga, Johnny Clem was one of the youngest Union soldiers to fight during the American Civil War, and he was the last Civil War veteran still on active duty in the army when he retired from the military in 1915. Continue Reading »
Cole, Charles H.
Little is known of Charles H. Cole's life before and during the first few years of the American Civil War. Numerous sources, including Cole himself, claimed to have been a captain in Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry. Continue Reading »
Corwin, Thomas
Long-time Ohio politician Thomas Corwin sponsored the Corwin Amendment in the U.S, House of Representatives in 1861 as an eleventh-hour attempt to avert the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Couch, Darius Nash
Darius N. Couch was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War, who served as a corps commander with the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater and as a division commander with the 23rd Army Corps in the Western Theater. Continue Reading »
Cox, Jacob Dolson
Jacob Cox was a nineteenth century American political and military leader who served as a brigadier general in the U.S. volunteer army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Cox, Samuel S.
Samuel Cox was a prominent lawyer, newspaper editor, and Peace Democrat who represented Ohio and, later, New York in Congress. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War