Stevens, Thaddeus
One of the more powerful Congressional Representatives in U.S. history, Thaddeus Stevens was a dominant member of the Radical Republicans who crafted Congressional Reconstruction policies after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Stith, Donald Chester
Colonel Donald Chester Stith (CSA) was one of four graduates of the United States Military Academy to join the Confederate Army after first fighting for the Union Army during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Stoneman, George
A prominent Union cavalry officer, Major General George Stoneman commanded the cavalry corps of the Army of the Potomac and the cavalry corps of the Army of the Ohio. Continue Reading »
Stuart, J.E.B.
James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart was one of the greatest cavalry commanders in American history. Popularly known for his dashing image, Stuart inspired Southern morale with his daring raids and reconnaissance missions into enemy territory during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Sumner, Edwin V.
A prominent Union general officer, Edwin V. Sumner was the first new general to be appointed in the United States Army after the beginning of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Swayne, Wager
Born in Columbus on November 10, 1834, Swayne followed in his father's footsteps, becoming a lawyer. Noah Haynes Swayne was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and most likely encouraged his son to pursue a legal career. Continue Reading »
Sykes, George
Major General George Sykes was a career United States Army officer, whose 5th Corps of the Army of the Potomac successfully defended Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg. Continue Reading »
Taylor, Richard
The son of United States President Zachary Taylor, Richard Taylor was a prominent Confederate general in the Eastern and Western theaters of the American Civil War Continue Reading »
Thomas, George Henry
Major General George Henry Thomas was a prominent Union general who served primarily in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Tod, David
David Tod was the twenty-fifth Governor of Ohio, serving from January 4, 1862 through January 11, 1864. He was Ohio's second governor during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Trotter, James Monroe
Born on February 7, 1842 (some sources state that he was born on November 8, 1842 or on February 8, 1842) in Grand Gulf, Mississippi, James Monroe Trotter was born a slave. His mother was Letitia, a slave, and his father was Richard S. Trotter, a white man and his owner. Trotter's father purportedly freed Trotter, Letitia, and Trotter's brother in 1856. Continue Reading »
Trumbull, Lyman
Lyman Trumbull served as a United States Senator from Illinois for nearly three decades. During his tenure, he spearheaded the enactment of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution and the Civil Rights Act of 1866. Continue Reading »
Truth, Sojourner
Born into bondage in New York, escaped slave Sojourner Truth was a renowned champion for abolition, women's rights, temperance, and prison reform during the 19th Century. Continue Reading »
Tyler, Erastus B.
Brigadier General Erastus B. Tyler was a Union officer who participated in many of the major battles of the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Vallandigham, Clement
Born on July 29, 1820, in New Lisbon, Ohio. Vallandigham spent most of his youth at home, receiving an education from his father who was a Presbyterian minister. At seventeen years of age, Vallandigham briefly attended Jefferson College in Pennsylvania, but he did not graduate. Continue Reading »
Van Dorn, Earl
Earl Van Dorn was a prominent Confederate general officer whose military career was cut short when he was assassinated by a jealous husband in 1863. Continue Reading »
Van Zandt, Gilbert
When he was purportedly only ten years, seven months, and sixteen days old, Gilbert Van Zandt enlisted in the Union Army, making him one of the youngest soldiers to fight in the American Civil War. He was born on December 20, 1851, in Port William, Ohio. Continue Reading »
Wade, Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Wade was a U.S. Senator from Ohio, a founder of the Republican Party, and a harsh critic of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson during and after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Wade, Melancthon Smith
Wade was born on December 2, 1802 in Cincinnati, Ohio. His father, Daniel Everett Wade, was a soldier in the American Revolution and was held captive by the British in New York City. Continue Reading »
Wallace, Lew
Lew Wallace served as a general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and he was the author of the highly-acclaimed novel, Ben Hur, A Tale of the Christ. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War