Special Orders, No. 92 (Department of the Missouri)
On December 25, 1861, Major General Henry W. Halleck appointed Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis to command the Southwestern District of Missouri. Continue Reading »
Special Orders, No. 95 (Virginia Forces)
On May 21, 1861, Robert E. Lee, commander of Virginia's forces, issued Special Orders, No. 95, assigning Brigadier General Milledge Luke Bonham to command the state's troops on the Alexandria Line. Continue Reading »
Stanton's Dispatch Adding the State of Kentucky to the Department of the Ohio
On August 7, 1864, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton added the State of Kentucky to the Department of the Ohio. Continue Reading »
Tariff of 1828
Also known as the Tariff of Abominations, the Tariff of 1828, prompted United States Vice-President John C. Calhoun to anonymously pen his Exposition and Protest, which invoked the doctrine of nullification in challenging the constitutionality of the act. Continue Reading »
Tariff of 1832
Enacted on July 14, 1832, the Tariff of 1832 was an attempt to address Southern grievances over the high protective duties imposed by the Tariff of 1828. Hostility toward the new tariff in South Carolina nearly led to civil war. Continue Reading »
Tariff of 1833
Approved by Congress on March 1, 1833 and signed by President Andrew Jackson the next day, the Tariff of 1833 was a compromise measure brokered by Senators Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun as part of a successful effort to resolve the Nullification Crisis of 1832-1833. Continue Reading »
Tenure of Office Act
Following President Abraham Lincoln's death on April 15, 1865, Vice President Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency. Johnson chose to keep Edwin McMasters Stanton as Secretary of War. Continue Reading »
Thirteenth Amendment
Approved by Congress on January 31, 1865 and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment abolished the practice of slavery except as a punishment for crime in the United States and bestowed Congress with broad powers to ensure the amendment's enforcement. Continue Reading »
Transcription of Letter from Ephraim S. Weaver to Samuel and Mary Weaver
On October 4, 1863, Private Ephraim S. Weaver, a member of Co. K, 68th Regiment, OVI, wrote to his parents, Samuel and Mary Weaver, from Vicksburg, Mississippi. Continue Reading »
Virginia Resolutions
Drafted by James Madison and adopted by the Virginia General Assembly on December 24, 1798, the Virginia Resolutions asserted that, collectively, the states have the right to interpose when the federal government exceeds its constitutional authority. Continue Reading »
Wade-Davis Bill
Co-authored by Ohio Senator Benjamin Wade and Maryland Congressman Henry Winter Davis in 1864, the Wade-Davis Bill was an attempt to impose harsh Reconstruction terms on the South, which President Lincoln pocket vetoed. Continue Reading »
Webster, Daniel - Senate Speech on the Compromise of 1850 (Transcript)
Transcript of a speech Daniel Webster delivered on the floor of the United States Senate on March 7, 1850 in support of the Compromise of 1850. Continue Reading »
Wilmot Proviso
Introduced by Congressman David Wilmot, but never enacted, the Wilmot Proviso would have banned the spread of slavery into territories Mexico ceded to the U. S. after the Mexican-American War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War