U.S. Supreme Court Issues a Decision Against Clement Vallandigham in the Case of "ex parte Vallandigham"

February 15, 1864

On May 6, 1863, a military court found former Ohio Congressman and leading Peace Democrat, Clement Vallandigham, guilty of violating General Order Number 38. Vallandigham and his supporters appealed to the United States Supreme Court. On February 15, 1864, the Court ruled unanimously in the case of ex parte Vallandigham that it had no Constitutional jurisdiction over military courts.  

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War