Civilians and Homefront

Allen, William
In the mid to late nineteenth century, one of the most important political leaders in Ohio was William Allen. Born in Edenton, North Carolina in December 1803, Allen had Quaker ancestors in Pennsylvania. Continue Reading »
Anti-war Protests
During the American Civil War, nearly 330,000 Ohio men served in the Union military. Numerous Ohio civilians also supported the war effort by growing groups and manufacturing supplies for the men serving in the military. Continue Reading »
Camp Dayton
With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation. Continue Reading »
Camp Portsmouth
With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation. Continue Reading »
Conscription Act
On March 3, 1863 the United States President Abraham Lincoln signed the Conscription Act (aka the Enrollment Act), which required states to implement conscription (a draft) if they were unable to provide a proscribed number of volunteers for the Union forces during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Dennison, Jr., William
William Dennison, Jr., was the twenty-fourth Governor of Ohio, serving from January 9, 1860 through January 13, 1862. Dennison also served as Postmaster General of the United States from 1864 to 1866. Continue Reading »
Fort Fizzle, Battle of
In 1863, due to the declining number of volunteers, the United States government instituted the Conscription Act. Under this directive, which was also referred to as the Enrollment Act, the federal government required states to furnish a certain number of soldiers based on each state's population. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 104 (U.S. War Department)
On August 13, 1862, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders, No. 104, announcing President Abraham Lincoln's executive order prohibiting citizens liable for the draft from leaving the United States, and suspending the writ of habeas corpus for persons arrested for disloyal practices. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 141 (U.S. War Department)
On September 25, 1862, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders, No. 141, announcing President Abraham Lincoln's proclamation suspending the writ of habeas corpus for people in rebellion against the United States. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 38 (DOO)
Major-General Ambrose Burnside issued General Orders No. 38 on April 13, 1863 in an effort to silence opponents of the Civil War in the Department of the Ohio. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War