Entries in Antebellum (Pre-1861)

Alien and Sedition Acts
Enacted in 1798 by the 5th United States Congress, the Alien and Sedition Acts served the dual purpose of attempting to muffle anti-war sentiment and to cripple the Democratic-Republican Party. Continue Reading »
Anderson, Charles
Born on June 1, 1814 near Louisville, Kentucky, Charles Anderson spent his youth in Kentucky. Anderson's father, Colonel Richard Clough Anderson, was a veteran of the American Revolution who served as aide-de-camp to the Marquis de Lafayette. Continue Reading »
Anderson, Robert
Commander of Fort Sumter during the engagement that started the American Civil War, Robert Anderson also served as commander of the Department of the Cumberland in 1861. Continue Reading »
Anderson, Thomas MacArthur
Born on January 21, 1836 near Chillicothe, Ohio, Thomas MacArthur Anderson spent his youth in Ohio. Anderson's father, William Marshall Anderson, was a lawyer and farmer. Continue Reading »
Anderson, William Marshall
Born on June 24, 1807 near Louisville, Kentucky, William Marshall Anderson spent his youth in Kentucky. Anderson's father, Colonel Richard Clough Anderson, was a veteran of the American Revolution who served as aide-de-camp to the Marquis de Lafayette. Continue Reading »
Armistead, Lewis Addison
Lewis Addison Armistead was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. He was mortally wounded during Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg. Continue Reading »
Ashley, James M.
James M. Ashley was a five-term Ohio Congressman and Radical Republican leader who introduced the House proposal that would become the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Continue Reading »
Bailey, Joseph
Ohio-born Brigadier General Joseph Bailey served in the Union Army throughout the American Civil War. He is most remembered for planning and supervising the construction of Bailey's Bridge during the Red River Campaign in 1864. Continue Reading »
Banks, Nathaniel Prentice
Nathaniel Prentice Banks was a ten-time member of the United States House of Representatives and, during the American Civil War, one of President Abraham Lincoln's political generals. Continue Reading »
Bingham, John A.
An influential congressman from Ohio during the American Civil War and Reconstruction eras, John Bingham drafted the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. Continue Reading »
Blair, Francis Preston, Jr.
U.S. Senator and Congressman from Missouri, Frank P. Blair was one of President Abraham Lincoln's more successful political generals, rising to command the 15th and 17th Army Corps during most of the major campaigns in the Western Theater of the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Bleeding Kansas
The term “Bleeding Kansas” refers to the violence and bloodshed that occurred in the Kansas Territory during the 1850s. Continue Reading »
Blunt, James Gillpatrick
Major General James G. Blunt was a prominent Union officer who served in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Bowles, John R.
Born on June 13, 1826 in Lynchburg, Virginia, John R. Bowles eventually moved to Ohio, settling in the vicinity of Chillicothe in Ross County. Here, Bowles married Sarah Jane Bryant in 1848. Continue Reading »
Breckinridge, John C.
U.S. Vice-president John C. Breckinridge was an American political leader who represented Kentucky in the U.S. House and Senate before serving as a general officer in the Confederate Army and as the fifth, and final, Confederate Secretary of War. Continue Reading »
Brough, John
Born on September 17, 1811, in Marietta, Ohio, John Brough had a difficult childhood. His father died when Brough was only eleven years of age. Continue Reading »
Brown, John
John Brown was an ardent abolitionist whose raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry in October 1859 intensified the sectional dispute over slavery in the United States and hastened the nation toward civil war. Continue Reading »
Buckner, Simon B.
A prominent Confederate commander during the American Civil War, General Simon Buckner also served one term as governor of Kentucky after the conflict. Continue Reading »
Buford, Jr., John
A prominent Union cavalry officer, Major General John Buford is credited with choosing the ground upon which the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in July 1863. Continue Reading »
Butler, Benjamin Franklin
A prominent Union officer, Major General Benjamin F. Butler also served as a United States Congressman and as Governor of Massachusetts after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War