Introduction to terms and definitions found throughout the encyclopedia.
Artillery rounds made of iron balls bound together like a cluster of grapes, which scattered after being fired from a cannon.
Paper money issued by the Federal government with no promise of redemption for silver or gold. The money got its name from the green ink used in printing. Accepted as legal tender, greenbacks were established by Congress in the Legal Tender Act of 1862 as a way to deal with financial issues caused by the Civil War.
- Guerrilla warfare
A form of irregular warfare and refers to conflicts in which a small group of combatants including, but not limited to, armed civilians (or "irregulars") use military tactics, such as ambushes, sabotage, raids, the element of surprise, and extraordinary mobility to harass a larger and less-mobile traditional army, or strike a vulnerable target, and withdraw almost immediately. During the Civil War armed partisans in the South engaged in guerrilla warfare against Union soldiers and, on rare occasions, Northern troops also utilized guerrilla tactics.