Guerrilla warfare

A form of irregular warfare and refers to conflicts in which a small group of combatants including, but not limited to, armed civilians (or "irregulars") use military tactics, such as ambushes, sabotage, raids, the element of surprise, and extraordinary mobility to harass a larger and less-mobile traditional army, or strike a vulnerable target, and withdraw almost immediately. During the Civil War armed partisans in the South engaged in guerrilla warfare against Union soldiers and, on rare occasions, Northern troops also utilized guerrilla tactics.



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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War