General Orders, No. 256 (U.S. War Department) (September 15, 1864)

Updated: December 01, 2014

On September 15, 1864, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders, No. 256, announcing numerous appointments, promotions, resignations, and casualties. This is an extract of changes affecting the ranks of major general and brigadier general.

General Orders, No. 256

War Department, Adjutant General's Office
Washington, September
15, 1864

Promotions and appointments in the Army of the United States, made by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and by the President alone, since the publication of "General Orders" No. 316, of September 18, 1863. Those made by the President alone are designated by a star.

[Extract]

II.. APPOINTMENTS.

General Officers.

Major General Ulysses S. Grant, of the United States Army, to be Lieutenant General, March 2, 1864, to fill an original vacancy.

Major General Ulysses S. Grant, of the United States Volunteers, to be Major General, July 4, 1863, to fill an original vacancy. (Since appointed Lieutenant General.)

*Major General William T. Sherman, of the United States Volunteers, and Brigadier General United States Army, to be Major General, August 12, 1864, vice Wool, retired.

Major General George G. Meade, of the United States Volunteers, and Major in the Corps of Engineers, to be Brigadier General, July 3, 1863, vice Sumner, deceased.

Major General William T. Sherman, of the United States Volunteers, and Colonel of the Thirteenth United States Infantry, to be Brigadier General, July 4, 1863, to fill an original vacancy.

Major General James B. McPherson, of the United States Volunteers, and Captain in the Corps of Engineers, to be Brigadier General, August 1, 1863, wee Harney, retired. (Since killed in battle.)

Major General George H. Thomas, of the United States Volunteers, and Colonel of the Fifth United States Cavalry, to be Brigadier General, October 27, 1863, vice Anderson, retired.

*Major General Winfield S. Hancock, of the United States Volunteers, and Major, Quartermaster, United States Army, to be Brigadier General, August 12, 1864, vice Sherman, appointed Major General.

[Extract]

III.— APPOINTMENTS MADE IN THE VOLUNTEER FORCE CALLED INTO SERVICE UNDER THE ACTS APPROVED JULY 22 AND 25, 1861, JULY 17, 1862, AND JULY 5, 1838.

General Officers.

To be Major Generals.

Brigadier General John M. Schofield, of the United States Volunteers, November 29, 1862, instead of May 12, 1863, as announced in "General Orders" No. 316, of September 18, 1863.

Brigadier General John Buford, of the United States Volunteers, July 1, 1863. (Since dead.)

Brigadier General Andrew A. Humphreys, of the United States Volunteers, July 8, 1863.

Brigadier General Quincy A. Gillmore, of the United States Volunteers, July 10, 1863.

Brigadier General George C. Strong, of the United States Volunteers, July 18, 1863. (Since dead.)

Brigadier General James A. Garfield, of the United States Volunteers, September 19, 1863. (Since resigned.)

Brigadier General William F. Smith, of the United States Volunteers, March 9, 1864.

Brigadier General James B. Steedman, of the United States Volunteers, April 20, 18 64-.

Brigadier General Edward R. S. Canby, of the United States Volunteers, May 7, 1864.

Brigadier General Horatio G. Wright, of the United States Volunteers, May 12, 1864.

Brigadier General Andrew J. Smith, of the United States Volunteers, May 12, 1864.

Brigadier General Grenville M. Dodge, of the United States Volunteers, June 7, 1864.

Brigadier General John Gibbon, of the United States Volunteers, June 7, 1863.

Brigadier General Peter J. Osterhaus, of the United States Volunteers, July 23, 1864.

Brigadier General Joseph A. Mower, of the United States Volunteers, August 12, 1864.

To be Brigadier Generals.

Henry H. Sibley, of Minnesota, March 20, 1863.

Colonel Joseph B. Carr, of the Second New York Volunteers, March 30, 1863.

Joseph J. Bartlett, of New York, March 30, 1863, instead of October 4, 1862, as announced in "General Orders" No. 316, of September 18, 1863.

Colonel Joshua T. Owens, of the Sixty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, March 30, 1863, instead of November 29, 1862, as announced in "General Orders" No. 316, of September 18, 1863. (Since mustered out of service.)

Colonel William Birney, of the Second United States Colored Troops, May 22, 1863.

Colonel Edward P. Chapin, of the Sixteenth New York Volunteers, June 27, 1863. (Since dead.)

Colonel Strong Vincent, of the Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers, July 3, 1863. (Since dead.)

• Lieutenant Colonel William D. Whipple, Additional Aide-de-Camp, July 17, 1863. (Since expired by constitutional limitation, and since reappointed.)

Colonel John C. Starkweather, of the First Wisconsin Volunteers, July 17, 1863.

Captain Kenner Garrard, of the Fifth United States Cavalry, July 23, 1863.

Colonel James L. Kiernan, of the United States Colored Troops, August 1, 1863. (Since resigned )

Captain Charles K. Woods, of the Ninth United States Infantry, August 4, 1863.

Colonel John B. Sanborn, of the Fourth Minnesota Volunteers, August 4, 1863.

Colonel Giles A. Smith, of the Eighth Missouri Volunteers, August 4, 1863.

Colonel Samuel A. Rice, of the Thirty- third Iowa Volunteers, August 4, 1863. (Since dead.)

Colonel Jasper A. Maltby, of the Fifty-fifth Illinois Volunteers, August 4, 1863.

Captain Alexander Chambers, of the Eighteenth United States Infantry, August 11, 1863. (Since negatived by the Senate.)

Colonel Thomas K. Smith, of the Fifty-fourth Ohio Volunteers, August 11, 1863.

Colonel Walter Q. Gresham, of the Fifty-third Indiana Volunteers, August 11, 1863.

Colonel Manning F. Force, of the Twentieth Ohio Volunteers, August 11, 1863.

Colonel Robert A. Cameron, of the Thirty-fourth Indiana Volunteers, August 11, 1863.

Colonel John M. Corse, of the Sixth Iowa Volunteers, August 11, 1863.

Major John A. Rawlins, Assistant Adjutant General of Volunteers, August 11, 1863.

*Captain Alvan C. Gillem, Assistant Quartermaster United States Army, August 17, 1863. (Since expired by constitutional limitation, and since reappointed.)

Colonel James C. Rice, of the Forty-fourth New York Volunteers, August 17, 1863. (Since dead.)

Colonel John W. Turner, Additional Aide-de-Camp, September 7, 1863.

Colonel Henry L. Eustis, of the Tenth Massachusetts Volunteers, September 12, 1863. (Since resigned.)

Colonel Henry E. Davis, of the Second New York Cavalry, September 16, 1863.

Andrew J. Hamilton, of Texas, September 18, 1863.

Colonel Henry W. Birge, of the Thirteenth Connecticut Volunteers, September 19, 1863.

Colonel Charles G. Harker, of the Sixty-fifth Ohio Volunteers, September 20, 1863. (Since dead.)

Captain William P. Sanders, of the Sixth United States Cavalry, October 18, 1863. (Since dead.)

Captain Lucius Fairchild, of the Sixteenth United States Infantry, October 19, 1863. (Since resigned.)

Colonel Stephen Miller, of the Seventh Minnesota Volunteers, October 26, 1863. (Since resigned.)

Colonel James H. Ledlie, of the Third New York Artillery, October 27, 1863.

Colonel Isaac F. Shepard, of the Third Missouri Volunteers, October 27, 18G3. (Since expired by constitutional limitation.)

* Captain James H. Wilson, of the United States Corps of Engineers, October 30, 1863. (Since expired by constitutional limitation, and since reappointed.)

Colonel Adin B. Underwood, of the Thirty-third Massachusetts Volunteers, November 6, 1863.

Colonel Augustus L. Chetlain, of the Twelfth Illinois Volunteers, December 18, 1863.

Colonel William A. Pile, of the Thirty-third Missouri Volunteers, December 26, 1863.

Colonel John W. Fuller, of the Twenty-seventh Ohio Volunteers, January 5, 1864.

Colonel John F. Miller, of the Twenty-ninth Indiana Volunteers, January 5, 1864.

Colonel Philip Regis de Trobriand, of the Fifty-fifth New York Volunteers, January 5, 1864.

Colonel Cyrus Bussey, of the Third Iowa Cavalry, January 5, 1864.

Colonel Christopher C. Andrews, of the Third Minnesota Volunteers, January 5, 1864.

Colonel Hiram Burnham, of the Sixth Maine Volunteers, April 27, 1864.

Colonel Edward M. McCook, of the Second Indiana Cavalry, April 27, 1864.

Colonel Lewis A. Grant, of the Fifth Vermont Volunteers, April 27, 1864.

Colonel Edward Hatch, of the Second Iowa Cavalry, April 27, 1864.

Colonel August V. Kautz, of the Second Ohio Cavalry, and Captain Sixth United States Cavalry, May 7, 1864.

Colonel Francis Fessenden, of the Twenty-fifth Maine Volunteers, and Captain Nineteenth United States Infantry, May 10, 1864.

Colonel J. F. Hartrauft, of the Fifty-first Pennsylvania Volunteers, May 12, 1864.

Colonel Samuel S. Carroll, of the Eighteenth Ohio Volunteers, and Captain Tenth United States Infantry, May 12, 1864.

Colonel Simon G. Griffin, of the Sixth New Hampshire Volunteers, May 12, 1864.

Colonel Emory Upton, of the One Hundred and Twenty-first New York Volunteers, and First Lieutenant Fifth United States Artillery, May 12, 18 64.

Colonel John R. Brooke, of the Fifty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers, May 12, 1864.

Colonel Nelson A. Miles, of the Sixty-first New York Volunteers, May 12, 1864.

Colonel Joseph Hayes, of the Eighteenth Massachusetts Volunteers, May 12, 1864.

Colonel Byron R. Pierce, of the Third Michigan Volunteers, June 7, 1864.

Colonel Selden Conner, of the Nineteenth Maine Volunteers, June 11, 1864.

Colonel Elliott W. Rice, of the Seventh Iowa Volunteers, June 20, 1864.

Colonel William F. Bartlett, of the Fifty-seventh Massachusetts Volunteers, June 20, 1864.

Colonel Joshua L. Chamberlain, of the Twentieth Maine Volunteers, June 18, 1864.

Colonel Edward S. Bragg, of the Sixth "Wisconsin Volunteers, June 25,1864.

Colonel Friend S. Rutherford, of the Ninety-seventh Illinois Volunteers, June 27, 1864. (Dead.)

Colonel Martin D. Hardin, of the Twelfth Pennsylvania Reserves and First Lieutenant of the Third United States Artillery, July 2, 1864.

Colonel Charles J. Paine, of the Second Louisiana Volunteers, July 4,1864.

° Colonel Daniel McCook, of the Fifty-second Ohio Volunteers, July 16, 1864. (Since dead.)

*Colonel John B. Mcintosh, of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, July 21,1864.

*Colonel George H. Chapman, of the Third Indiana Cavalry, July 21, 1864.

*Colonel William Grose, of the Thirty-sixth Indiana Volunteers, July 30, 1864.

* Colonel Joseph A. Cooper, of the Sixth Tennessee Volunteers, July 30, 1864.

* Colonel John T. Croxton, of the Fourth Kentucky Volunteers, July 30, 1864.

* Colonel John W. Sprague, of the Sixty-third Ohio Volunteers, July 30, 1864.

* Colonel James W. Reilly, of the One Hundred and Fourth Ohio Volunteers, July 30, 1864.

*Colonel Luther P. Bradley, of the Fifty-first Illinois Volunteers, July 30, 1864.

*Colonel Charles C. Walcutt, of the Forty-sixth Ohio Volunteers, July 30,1864.

* Colonel William W. Belknap, of the Fifteenth Iowa Volunteers, July 30, 1864.

* Colonel Powell Clayton, of the Fourth Kansas Cavalry, August 1, 1864.

* Lieutenant Colonel Joseph A. Haskin, Additional Aide-de-Camp, August 5, 1864.

*Colonel James D. Fessenden, Additional Aide-de Camp, August 8, 1864.

*Colonel Daniel D. Bidwell, of the Forty-ninth New York Volunteers, August 11,1864.

* Colonel Eli Long, of the Fourth Ohio Cavalry, and Captain Fourth United States Cavalry, August 18, 1864.

*Colonel Thomas W. Egan, of the Fortieth New York Volunteers, September 3, 1864.

*Colonel Joseph R. Hawley, of the Seventh Connecticut Volunteers, September 13, 1864.

*Colonel William H. Seward, of the Ninth New York Heavy Artillery, September 13, 1864.

[Extract]

V.. Retired

For incapacity resulting from long and faithful service, from wounds or injury received, from disease contracted, or from exposure in the line of duty.

Brigadier General Robert Anderson, United States Army, October 27, 1863.

By direction of the President in conformity with section 12 of the act of July 17, 1862.

Major General John E. Wool, United States Army, August 1, 1863.

Brigadier General William S. Harney, United States Army, August 1, 1863.

[Extract]

VI.. Casualties

Resigned. (180.)

Major General John C. Fremont, United States Army, June 4, 1864.

Brevet Brigadier General Erasmus D. Keyes, (Colonel Eleventh Infantry,) May 6, 1864.

VII. — Casualties in the Volunteer force raised under the Acts approved July 22 and 25, 1861, and July 5, 1838.

[Extract]

Resigned, (328.)

Major General Benjamin M. Prentiss, October 28, 1863.

Major General Robert C. Schenck, December 5, 1863.

Major General James A. Garfield, December 5, 1863.

Major General Erasmus D. Keyes, May 6, 1864.

Major General Richard J. Oglesby, May 26, 1864.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

E.D. TOWNSEND,
Assistant Adjutant General
.

 

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"General Orders, No. 256 (U.S. War Department)," Ohio Civil War Central, 2017, Ohio Civil War Central. 24 Jun 2017 <http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=1457>

APA Style

"General Orders, No. 256 (U.S. War Department)." (2017) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved June 24, 2017, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=1457

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