Recently Updated Entries in the Encyclopedia

Herron, Francis J.
Major General Francis J. Herron was a prominent Union officer who served in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and commanded the Army of the Frontier in 1863. Continue Reading »
Army of the Frontier
Formed from forces in the field from Missouri and Kansas the short-lived Army of the Frontier fought to maintain Union control of Missouri during 1862 and 1863. Continue Reading »
Anaconda Plan
The Anaconda Plan is a term that describes General Winfield Scott's recommendation to slowly strangle the southern rebellion by blockading southern seaports and seizing control of the Mississippi River. Continue Reading »
Army of the Southwest
The Army of the Southwest was a short-lived Union force organized on December 25, 1861, to resist Confederate forces operating in Missouri. Continue Reading »
Schofield, John McAllister
John McAllister Schofield was a prominent Union general who served primarily in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. As commanding general of the Army of the Ohio, Schofield played a leading role in the Atlanta Campaign (May 7–September 2, 1864) and the Franklin-Nashville Campaign (September 18-December 27, 1864). After the war, he served briefly as Secretary of War under President Andrew Johnson (1868-1869), Superintendent of the United States Military Academy (1876-1881), and commanding general of the United States Army (1888-1895). Continue Reading »
Bleeding Kansas
The term “Bleeding Kansas” refers to the violence and bloodshed that occurred in the Kansas Territory during the 1850s. Continue Reading »
Romney Expedition
The Romney Expedition was a short winter offensive led by Major General Thomas J. Jackson to clear Federal troops from northeastern Virginia in January 1862 in preparation for the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Army of the Northwest (CSA)
Created on June 8, 1861, from troops in western Virginia, the Confederate Army of the Northwest participated in the Battle of Rich Mountain, the Battle of Cheat Mountain, and the Romney Expedition before being dissolved on February 9, 1862. Continue Reading »
Army of Kentucky (CSA)
Organized by Major General Kirby Smith from soldiers of the Department of East Tennessee, the short-lived Confederate Army of Kentucky participated in the Confederate Heartland Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Central Army of Kentucky
Created on October 28, 1861, under the command of General Albert S. Johnston, the Central Army of Kentucky was the main military force in the Confederacy's Western District until March 29, 1862, when it merged with the Army of the Mississippi (aka Army of Mississippi). Continue Reading »
Richmond, Battle of
Deemed by many scholars as the most complete victory by one side over the other during the Civil War, the Battle of Richmond, fought on September 29-30, 1862, was the first major engagement of the Confederate Heartland Campaign. Continue Reading »
Special Orders, No. 45 (CSA)
On February 25, 1862 the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 45 appointing Major General Kirby Smith to command the Department of East Tennessee. Continue Reading »
Romney Expedition Petition
On January 25, 1862 officers of the Army of the Northwest requested that Brigadier General William W. Loring petition the Confederate War Department to recall his forces from Romney. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 15 (CSA)
On October 22, 1861 the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 15 creating the Department of Northern Virginia, composed of the Valley District, the Potomac District, and the Aquia District. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed Alpha-numerically
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed alpha-numerically. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed by Date
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed by date. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Garnett, Robert Selden
Confederate Brigadier-General Robert S. Garnett was mortally wounded at the Battle of Corrick's Ford on July 13, 1861, making him the first general officer on either side to be killed during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Rich Mountain, Battle of
The Battle of Rich Mountain was fought on July 11, 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia). Continue Reading »
Army of Tennessee
The Army of Tennessee was the Confederacy's primary fighting force in the Western Theater of the American Civil War between 1862 and 1865. Continue Reading »
Army of the South
Formed in February 1865 and commanded by Major General Joseph E. Johnston, the Confederate Army of the South, consisted of the Army of Tennessee and all troops in Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and the Department of Southern Virginia. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War