Recently Updated Entries in the Encyclopedia

East Tennessee Campaign
The East Tennessee Campaign was a Union offensive that resulted in the the capture of Knoxville and the Cumberland Gap in September 1863. Continue Reading »
Army of Vicksburg
Formally named the Army of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton's Army of Vicksburg was charged with defending Vicksburg, Mississippi, during Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign in 1863. Continue Reading »
Jackson, Battle of
The Union victory at the Battle of Jackson paved the way for subsequent victories at the Battle of Champion Hill (May 16, 1863), the Battle of Big Black River Bridge (May 17, 1863), and the surrender of Vicksburg (July 4, 1863) following a prolonged siege. Continue Reading »
Pemberton, John Clifford
Vilified by Northerners for leaving the U.S. Army to fight for the South, and by Southerners for surrendering Vicksburg, Pennsylvanian, John C. Pemberton rose to the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 1 (Dept. of Ms. & E. La.) (CSA)
On October 1, 1862, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton issued General Orders, No. 1 (Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, announcing that he had taken command of the department. Continue Reading »
Special Orders, No. 240 (CSA)
On October 14, 1862 the Confederate War Department issued Special Orders, No. 270 announcing the promotion of John C. Pemberton to lieutenant general and expanding his command to include forces in Southern Tennessee. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 73 (CSA)
On October 1, 1862, the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 73, creating the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana under the command of Major General John C. Pemberton. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 17 (Dept. of Ms. & E. La.) (CSA)
On December 7, 1862, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton issued General Orders, No. 17, (Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana) naming the forces under his command the Army of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. Continue Reading »
Champion Hill, Battle of
The Battle of Champion Hill, also known as the Battle of Bakers Creek, was the decisive battle in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Union General Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee defeated General John C. Pemberton's Confederate force twenty miles east of Vicksburg, forcing the Rebels to withdraw to defensive positions closer to the city, making them more vulnerable to the forthcoming Siege of Vicksburg. Continue Reading »
Charleston, Battle of
Fought on September 13, 1862, in Charleston, Virginia (now West Virginia), the Battle of Charleston was the culminating engagement of Confederate Major General William Wing Loring's successful Kanawha Valley campaign. Continue Reading »
Kanawha Valley Campaign
In September 1862, Major General William Wing Loring led a successful campaign that briefly reestablished Confederate control of the Kanawha Valley and western Virginia after occupying Charleston, Virginia (now West Virginia). Continue Reading »
Smith, William Sooy
A native of Tarlton, Ohio, Brigadier General William Sooy Smith served in many of the Western Theater's important campaigns during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Raymond, Battle of
The Battle of Raymond was fought south of Raymond, Mississippi on May 12, 1863, during the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Vicksburg, Siege of
By late 1861, President Abraham Lincoln was pressuring Union commanders in the west to invade the South. On January 30, 1862, the Western Theater commander, General Henry Halleck, reluctantly approved Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant's request to attack Fort Henry, located on the Tennessee River. Continue Reading »
Vicksburg Campaign
The Vicksburg Campaign was a series of operations and battles conducted by Union forces during the American Civil War. The goal of the campaign was to capture the strategic city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, located on the Mississippi River. Continue Reading »
Cox, Jacob Dolson
Jacob Cox was a nineteenth century American political and military leader who served as a brigadier general in the U.S. volunteer army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Carnifex Ferry, Battle of
The Battle of Carnifex Ferry took place in Nicholas County, Virginia (now West Virginia) on September 10, 1861. The Union victory left western Virginia under the control of Federal troops and contributed to the formation of the new state of West Virginia. Continue Reading »
Big Black River Bridge, Battle of
Fought on May 17, 1863, the Battle of Big Black River Bridge, also known as the Battle of Big Black, was the final battle in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Okolona, Battle of
The Battle of Okolona was the climax of a failed Union expedition led by Brigadier General William Sooy Smith during the Meridian Campaign in February 1864. Continue Reading »
Meridian Campaign
Union General William T. Sherman's Meridian Campaign served as a modest rehearsal for his later "March to the Sea" in Georgia, and the Carolinas Campaign, by spreading a path of destruction across central Mississippi in early 1864. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War