Recently Updated Entries in the Encyclopedia

Bleeding Kansas
The term “Bleeding Kansas” refers to the violence and bloodshed that occurred in the Kansas Territory during the 1850s. Continue Reading »
Romney Expedition
The Romney Expedition was a short winter offensive led by Major General Thomas J. Jackson to clear Federal troops from northeastern Virginia in January 1862 in preparation for the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Army of the Northwest (CSA)
Created on June 8, 1861, from troops in western Virginia, the Confederate Army of the Northwest participated in the Battle of Rich Mountain, the Battle of Cheat Mountain, and the Romney Expedition before being dissolved on February 9, 1862. Continue Reading »
Army of Kentucky (CSA)
Organized by Major General Kirby Smith from soldiers of the Department of East Tennessee, the short-lived Confederate Army of Kentucky participated in the Confederate Heartland Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Central Army of Kentucky
Created on October 28, 1861, under the command of General Albert S. Johnston, the Central Army of Kentucky was the main military force in the Confederacy's Western District until March 29, 1862, when it merged with the Army of the Mississippi (aka Army of Mississippi). Continue Reading »
Richmond, Battle of
Deemed by many scholars as the most complete victory by one side over the other during the Civil War, the Battle of Richmond, fought on September 29-30, 1862, was the first major engagement of the Confederate Heartland Campaign. Continue Reading »
Special Orders, No. 45 (CSA)
On February 25, 1862 the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 45 appointing Major General Kirby Smith to command the Department of East Tennessee. Continue Reading »
Romney Expedition Petition
On January 25, 1862 officers of the Army of the Northwest requested that Brigadier General William W. Loring petition the Confederate War Department to recall his forces from Romney. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 15 (CSA)
On October 22, 1861 the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 15 creating the Department of Northern Virginia, composed of the Valley District, the Potomac District, and the Aquia District. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed Alpha-numerically
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed alpha-numerically. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed by Date
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed by date. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Garnett, Robert Selden
Confederate Brigadier-General Robert S. Garnett was mortally wounded at the Battle of Corrick's Ford on July 13, 1861, making him the first general officer on either side to be killed during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Rich Mountain, Battle of
The Battle of Rich Mountain was fought on July 11, 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia). Continue Reading »
Army of Tennessee
The Army of Tennessee was the Confederacy's primary fighting force in the Western Theater of the American Civil War between 1862 and 1865. Continue Reading »
Army of the South
Formed in February 1865 and commanded by Major General Joseph E. Johnston, the Confederate Army of the South, consisted of the Army of Tennessee and all troops in Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and the Department of Southern Virginia. Continue Reading »
Army of the Ohio 1863 - 1865
During the American Civil War, there were two Union armies designated as the Army of the Ohio. The second Army of the Ohio existed during the years 1863 to 1865. Continue Reading »
Army of the Mississippi (USA) (1863)
Unofficially organized and discontinued in January 1863, the second Army of the Mississippi easily overran Brigadier-General Thomas J. Churchill's Confederate garrison at Fort Hindman during the Battle of Arkansas Post (January 9-11, 1863). Continue Reading »
Army of the James
During the American Civil War, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant consolidated troops from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to form the Army of the James to support his Overland Campaign in 1864. Continue Reading »
Chase, Salmon Portland
Salmon Portland Chase was the twenty-third Governor of Ohio, a U.S. Senator, the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury during the Civil War, and the Sixth Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Continue Reading »
Iuka, Battle of
Fought on September 19, 1862, the Battle of Iuka was an engagement between Union Major General William S. Rosecrans's Army of the Mississippi and Confederate Major General Sterling Price's Army of the West. Continue Reading »

Help support the ongoing development of Ohio Civil War Central by clicking the banner and then purchasing products from Amazon.com.

Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War