Recently Updated Entries in the Encyclopedia

Spotsylvania Court House, Battle of
Fought between May 8 and 21, 1864, the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House was the second major engagement of Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed Alpha-numerically
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed alpha-numerically. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed by Date
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed by date. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Bull Run II, Battle of
The Battle of Bull Run II, also known as the Second Battle of Manassas, was fought on the same ground as the Battle of Bull Run I, near the town of Manassas Junction, Virginia, from August 28-30, 1862. The result of the battle was a decisive Confederate victory that enabled General Robert E. Lee to launch the South's first invasion of the North. Continue Reading »
Irish Brigade
Composed mostly of Irishmen from New York, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania, including eleven Congressional Medal of Honor recipients, the Irish Brigade suffered the third-highest number of battlefield casualties of any Union brigade during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Yazoo Pass Expedition
The Yazoo Pass Expedition was a failed Union attempt to advance on Vicksburg, Mississippi, in the spring of 1863. Continue Reading »
Fort Pemberton, Battle of
Fought between March 11–18, 1863, the Battle of Fort Pemberton was the primary engagement of the Yazoo Pass Expedition. Continue Reading »
Gettysburg, Battle of
Often referred to as the turning point in the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, from July 1 to July 3, 1863. Continue Reading »
Sherman, William Tecumseh
Celebrated in the North and reviled in the South, Ohioan William Tecumseh Sherman was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War. An accomplished soldier and able leader, Sherman is best remembered for warring against civilians during the Savannah and Carolina campaigns, which left a swath of destruction across the South during the latter part of the war. Continue Reading »
Grant, Ulysses S.
Ulysses S. Grant was an American military and political leader who rose from humble beginnings to become General-in-Chief of Union forces during the Civil War and, afterward, the eighteenth President of the United States. Continue Reading »
Davis, Jefferson Finis
A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, Mexican-American War veteran, U.S. Congressman, Senator, and Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis served as the first and only President of the Confederate States of America. Continue Reading »
East Tennessee Campaign
Major General Ambrose E. Burnside's East Tennessee Campaign was a Union offensive that resulted in the pacification of East Tennessee in 1863. Continue Reading »
Army of Vicksburg
Formally named the Army of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton's Army of Vicksburg was charged with defending Vicksburg, Mississippi, during Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign in 1863. Continue Reading »
Jackson, Battle of
The Union victory at the Battle of Jackson paved the way for subsequent victories at the Battle of Champion Hill (May 16, 1863), the Battle of Big Black River Bridge (May 17, 1863), and the surrender of Vicksburg (July 4, 1863) following a prolonged siege. Continue Reading »
Pemberton, John Clifford
Vilified by Northerners for leaving the U.S. Army to fight for the South, and by Southerners for surrendering Vicksburg, Pennsylvanian, John C. Pemberton rose to the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 1 (Dept. of Ms. & E. La.) (CSA)
On October 1, 1862, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton issued General Orders, No. 1 (Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, announcing that he had taken command of the department. Continue Reading »
Special Orders, No. 240 (CSA)
On October 14, 1862 the Confederate War Department issued Special Orders, No. 270 announcing the promotion of John C. Pemberton to lieutenant general and expanding his command to include forces in Southern Tennessee. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 73 (CSA)
On October 1, 1862, the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 73, creating the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana under the command of Major General John C. Pemberton. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 17 (Dept. of Ms. & E. La.) (CSA)
On December 7, 1862, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton issued General Orders, No. 17, (Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana) naming the forces under his command the Army of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. Continue Reading »
Champion Hill, Battle of
The Battle of Champion Hill, also known as the Battle of Bakers Creek, was the decisive battle in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Union General Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee defeated General John C. Pemberton's Confederate force twenty miles east of Vicksburg, forcing the Rebels to withdraw to defensive positions closer to the city, making them more vulnerable to the forthcoming Siege of Vicksburg. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War