New Entries to the Encyclopedia

Wilson-Kautz Raid
Part of the Petersburg Campaign, the Wilson-Kautz Raid (June 22 – July 1, 1864) was a Union cavalry foray into the area southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, designed to destroy railroad track and facilities critical to supplying the Army of Northern Virginia encamped at Richmond. Continue Reading »
Lee, William Henry Fitzhugh
The second son of Robert E. Lee, W.H.F. "Rooney" Lee was a cavalry commander in the Army of Northern Virginia who later served in the U.S. House of Representatives during the 50th to the 52nd Congresses from March 4, 1887, until his death on October 15, 1891. Continue Reading »
Lee, Fitzhugh
A nephew of Robert E. Lee and a Confederate major general, Fitzhugh Lee served one term as governor of Virginia before commanding U.S. troops as a brigadier general during the Spanish-American War. Continue Reading »
Message from Jefferson Davis Instructing Leonidas Polk to Join Forces with Joseph E. Johnston in Georgia
On May 4, 1864, Confederate President Jefferson Davis instructed Leonidas Polk to bring his Army of Mississippi to Georgia to join forces with Joseph E. Johnston's Army of Tennessee. Continue Reading »
Nelson, William
Murdered by fellow Union General Jefferson C. Davis in 1862, William "Bull" Nelson simultaneously served as a major general in the U.S. Volunteer Army and as a lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Quantrill's Raiders
Quantrill's Raiders was a band of Confederate irregulars that employed guerrilla tactics to ambush Union army patrols and terrorize Northern sympathizers, primarily in Kansas during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Blunt, James Gillpatrick
Major General James G. Blunt was a prominent Union officer who served in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Quantrill, William Clarke
William C. Quantrill was a Confederate irregular whose band of raiders employed guerrilla tactics in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the Civil War to harass Union troops and terrorize Northern sympathizers. Continue Reading »
Hill, Daniel Harvey
Daniel Harvey Hill (aka D.H. Hill) was a prominent general officer who led Confederate forces in the eastern and western theaters of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Shannon, Wilson
Fourteenth and sixteenth Governor of Ohio, Wilson Shannon also served as the second Governor of the Kansas Territory from August 10, 1855, to August 18, 1856, during the period known as Bleeding Kansas. Continue Reading »
Herron, Francis J.
Major General Francis J. Herron was a prominent Union officer who served in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and commanded the Army of the Frontier in 1863. Continue Reading »
Army of the Frontier
Formed from forces in the field from Missouri and Kansas the short-lived Army of the Frontier fought to maintain Union control of Missouri during 1862 and 1863. Continue Reading »
Army of Southwest Missouri
SEE Army of the Southwest»
Army of the Southwest
The Army of the Southwest was a short-lived Union force organized on December 25, 1861, to resist Confederate forces operating in Missouri. Continue Reading »
Anaconda Plan
The Anaconda Plan is a term that describes General Winfield Scott's recommendation to slowly strangle the southern rebellion by blockading southern seaports and seizing control of the Mississippi River. Continue Reading »
Romney Expedition
The Romney Expedition was a short winter offensive led by Major General Thomas J. Jackson to clear Federal troops from northeastern Virginia in January 1862 in preparation for the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Army of the Northwest (CSA)
Created on June 8, 1861, from troops in western Virginia, the Confederate Army of the Northwest participated in the Battle of Rich Mountain, the Battle of Cheat Mountain, and the Romney Expedition before being dissolved on February 9, 1862. Continue Reading »
Army of Kentucky (CSA)
Organized by Major General Kirby Smith from soldiers of the Department of East Tennessee, the short-lived Confederate Army of Kentucky participated in the Confederate Heartland Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Central Army of Kentucky
Created on October 28, 1861, under the command of General Albert S. Johnston, the Central Army of Kentucky was the main military force in the Confederacy's Western District until March 29, 1862, when it merged with the Army of the Mississippi (aka Army of Mississippi). Continue Reading »
Richmond, Battle of
Deemed by many scholars as the most complete victory by one side over the other during the Civil War, the Battle of Richmond, fought on September 29-30, 1862, was the first major engagement of the Confederate Heartland Campaign. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War