New Entries to the Encyclopedia

Herron, Francis J.
Major General Francis J. Herron was a prominent Union officer who served in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and commanded the Army of the Frontier in 1863. Continue Reading »
Army of the Frontier
Formed from forces in the field from Missouri and Kansas the short-lived Army of the Frontier fought to maintain Union control of Missouri during 1862 and 1863. Continue Reading »
Army of Southwest Missouri
SEE Army of the Southwest»
Army of the Southwest
The Army of the Southwest was a short-lived Union force organized on December 25, 1861, to resist Confederate forces operating in Missouri. Continue Reading »
Anaconda Plan
The Anaconda Plan is a term that describes General Winfield Scott's recommendation to slowly strangle the southern rebellion by blockading southern seaports and seizing control of the Mississippi River. Continue Reading »
Romney Expedition
The Romney Expedition was a short winter offensive led by Major General Thomas J. Jackson to clear Federal troops from northeastern Virginia in January 1862 in preparation for the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Army of the Northwest (CSA)
Created on June 8, 1861, from troops in western Virginia, the Confederate Army of the Northwest participated in the Battle of Rich Mountain, the Battle of Cheat Mountain, and the Romney Expedition before being dissolved on February 9, 1862. Continue Reading »
Army of Kentucky (CSA)
Organized by Major General Kirby Smith from soldiers of the Department of East Tennessee, the short-lived Confederate Army of Kentucky participated in the Confederate Heartland Campaign of 1862. Continue Reading »
Central Army of Kentucky
Created on October 28, 1861, under the command of General Albert S. Johnston, the Central Army of Kentucky was the main military force in the Confederacy's Western District until March 29, 1862, when it merged with the Army of the Mississippi (aka Army of Mississippi). Continue Reading »
Richmond, Battle of
Deemed by many scholars as the most complete victory by one side over the other during the Civil War, the Battle of Richmond, fought on September 29-30, 1862, was the first major engagement of the Confederate Heartland Campaign. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 15 (CSA)
On October 22, 1861 the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 15 creating the Department of Northern Virginia, composed of the Valley District, the Potomac District, and the Aquia District. Continue Reading »
Romney Expedition Petition
On January 25, 1862 officers of the Army of the Northwest requested that Brigadier General William W. Loring petition the Confederate War Department to recall his forces from Romney. Continue Reading »
Special Orders, No. 45 (CSA)
On February 25, 1862 the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 45 appointing Major General Kirby Smith to command the Department of East Tennessee. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 84 (Department of the Ohio)
On June 1, 1863, Major General Ambrose E. Burnside issued General Orders, No. 84 (Department of the Ohio) suppressing the distribution of the New York World and the publication of the Chicago Times because of their anti-war rhetoric. Continue Reading »
Enrollment Act
SEE Conscription Act»
Utah Expedition
SEE Utah War»
Buchanan's Blunder
SEE Utah War»
Mountain Meadows Massacre
On September 11, 1857, members of the Mormon militia and Paiute Indians murdered roughly 120 unarmed men, women, and children in southwestern Utah during the Utah War. Continue Reading »
Utah War
Also known as the Utah Expedition and Buchanan's Blunder, the Utah War was an armed confrontation between Mormon settlers in the Utah Territory and the armed forces of the United States government. Continue Reading »
Bennett Place, Surrender at
On April 26, 1865 Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston and Union General William T. Sherman negotiated the largest surrender of the Civil War at Bennett Place near Hillsborough, North Carolina. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War