New Entries to the Encyclopedia

Army of Vicksburg
Formally named the Army of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton's Army of Vicksburg was charged with defending Vicksburg, Mississippi, during Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign in 1863. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 1 (Dept. of Ms. & E. La.) (CSA)
On October 1, 1862, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton issued General Orders, No. 1 (Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, announcing that he had taken command of the department. Continue Reading »
Special Orders, No. 240 (CSA)
On October 14, 1862 the Confederate War Department issued Special Orders, No. 270 announcing the promotion of John C. Pemberton to lieutenant general and expanding his command to include forces in Southern Tennessee. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 73 (CSA)
On October 1, 1862, the Confederate War Department issued General Orders, No. 73, creating the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana under the command of Major General John C. Pemberton. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 17 (Dept. of Ms. & E. La.) (CSA)
On December 7, 1862, Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton issued General Orders, No. 17, (Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana) naming the forces under his command the Army of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. Continue Reading »
Jackson, Battle of
The Union victory at the Battle of Jackson paved the way for subsequent victories at the Battle of Champion Hill (May 16, 1863), the Battle of Big Black River Bridge (May 17, 1863), and the surrender of Vicksburg (July 4, 1863) following a prolonged siege. Continue Reading »
Charleston, Battle of
Fought on September 13, 1862, in Charleston, Virginia (now West Virginia), the Battle of Charleston was the culminating engagement of Confederate Major General William Wing Loring's successful Kanawha Valley campaign. Continue Reading »
Kanawha Valley Campaign
In September 1862, Major General William Wing Loring led a successful campaign that briefly reestablished Confederate control of the Kanawha Valley and western Virginia after occupying Charleston, Virginia (now West Virginia). Continue Reading »
Pemberton, John Clifford
Vilified by Northerners for leaving the U.S. Army to fight for the South, and by Southerners for surrendering Vicksburg, Pennsylvanian, John C. Pemberton rose to the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Smith, William Sooy
A native of Tarlton, Ohio, Brigadier General William Sooy Smith served in many of the Western Theater's important campaigns during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Okolona, Battle of
The Battle of Okolona was the climax of a failed Union expedition led by Brigadier General William Sooy Smith during the Meridian Campaign in February 1864. Continue Reading »
Meridian Campaign
Union General William T. Sherman's Meridian Campaign served as a modest rehearsal for his later "March to the Sea" in Georgia, and the Carolinas Campaign, by spreading a path of destruction across central Mississippi in early 1864. Continue Reading »
Special Field Orders, No.11 (Department of the Tennessee)
On January 27, 1864, William T. Sherman issued General Field Orders, No. 11, launching his Meridian Campaign. Continue Reading »
Message from W.T. Sherman to William Sooy Smith
On January 27, 1864. William T. Sherman ordered Brigadier General William Sooy Smith to drive south through Mississippi and rendezvous with him at Meridian on or about February 10. Continue Reading »
Loring, William Wing
William W. Loring was a career soldier who served as an officer with the U.S. Army during the Mexican-American War, as a major general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, and for ten years as an officer in the Egyptian Army. Continue Reading »
Port Gibson, Battle of
The Federal landing at Bruinsburg, Mississippi, on April 30, 1863, and the ensuing victory at the Battle of Port Gibson the next day, cemented a Union presence in western Mississippi that led to the eventual downfall of the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg on the Mississippi River. Continue Reading »
Grand Gulf, Battle of
Fought on April 29, 1863, the Battle of Grand Gulf was a naval engagement on the Mississippi River that began Ulysses S. Grant's final assault on Vicksburg. Continue Reading »
Wilson-Kautz Raid
Part of the Petersburg Campaign, the Wilson-Kautz Raid (June 22 – July 1, 1864) was a Union cavalry foray into the area southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, designed to destroy railroad track and facilities critical to supplying the Army of Northern Virginia encamped at Richmond. Continue Reading »
Lee, William Henry Fitzhugh
The second son of Robert E. Lee, W.H.F. "Rooney" Lee was a cavalry commander in the Army of Northern Virginia who later served in the U.S. House of Representatives during the 50th to the 52nd Congresses from March 4, 1887, until his death on October 15, 1891. Continue Reading »
Lee, Fitzhugh
A nephew of Robert E. Lee and a Confederate major general, Fitzhugh Lee served one term as governor of Virginia before commanding U.S. troops as a brigadier general during the Spanish-American War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War