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Brigadier General Thomas M. Anderson

Anderson, Thomas MacArthur

Ohioan Thomas MacArthur Anderson rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War and remained in the regular army after the conflict, retiring as a brigadier general in January 1900. His father, William Marshall Anderson, was a Copperhead, while one of his uncles, Robert Anderson, was the Union commander at the Battle of Fort Sumter, the first engagement of the Civil War. Continue Reading »

Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard

Beauregard, P.G.T.

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was an American military leader. As a general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, Beauregard served in the Eastern and Western theaters and was the victorious field commander at the First Battle of Bull Run near Manassas, Virginia on July 21, 1861. Continue Reading »

Confederate General Braxton Bragg

Bragg, Braxton

Braxton Bragg was a Confederate general during the American Civil War who served as a principal commander in the Western theater and later as a military advisor to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Continue Reading »

Ohio Governor John Brough

Brough, John

John Brough (pronounced "bruff") served as Ohio governor from January 11, 1864 to August 29, 1865. Continue Reading »

Union General Don Carlos Buell

Buell, Don Carlos

Native Ohioan Don Carlos Buell was a Union general during the American Civil War who directed the Department of the Ohio and commanded the Army of the Ohio in the Western Theater. Buell's army helped turn the tide to a Union victory at the Battle of Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862). Buell also forced Braxton Bragg to retreat from Kentucky in the autumn of 1862, ending the Confederate Heartland Campaign. Continue Reading »

Union General Ambrose Burnside

Burnside, Ambrose

Ambrose Burnside was one of five generals to command the Union Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War. He also served as the commander of the Department of the Ohio, where he worked diligently to weaken Peace Democrat and Copperhead opposition to the Union war effort. Continue Reading »

Union Brigadier General Samuel Spriggs Carroll

Carroll, Samuel Spriggs

Although not from Ohio, Samuel Spriggs Carroll served as colonel of the Eighth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry for a portion of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

Union Brevet Brigadier General John E. Cummins

Cummins, John E.,

Brevet Brigadier General John E. Cummins commanded the Eighth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

Confederate General Jubal Early

Early, Jubal Anderson

Jubal Anderson Early was a prominent Confederate general during the American Civil War. His Army of the Valley battled Ohioan and Union General Philip Sheridan's force for control of Virginia's Shenandoah Valley in 1864 and early 1865. Continue Reading »

Union General Ulysses S. Grant

Grant, Ulysses S.

Ohioan Ulysses S. Grant was an American military and political leader during the nineteenth century. Rising from humble beginnings, a lackluster military career, and an undistinguished civilian life prior to the American Civil War, Grant emerged to become General of the Army, eighteenth President of the United States, and, perhaps, the most famous person in the world during his time. Continue Reading »

Union General Henry Halleck

Halleck, Henry Wager

Henry Wager Halleck was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War. Following a brief but successful stint commanding Union operations in the Western Theater, including the Department of the Ohio, during the early part of the war, Halleck was named General-in-Chief of all United States armies in 1862. When he proved to be more of a bureaucrat than a general, Halleck was replaced by Ulysses S. Grant in 1864. He served as Army Chief of Staff for the remainder of the conflict. Continue Reading »

Union General Winfield Scott Hancock

Hancock, Winfield Scott

General Winfield Scott Hancock was one of the more successful Union commanders during the American Civil War. In 1880, he also was the Democratic Party's candidate for President of the United States of America against Republican and Ohioan James Garfield. Continue Reading »

Rutherford Birchard Hayes

Hayes, Rutherford B.

Rutherford Birchard Hayes was an American military and political leader during the 19th century. Born in Delaware, Ohio, Hayes achieved the rank of brigadier general and brevet major general in the Union army during the American Civil War. After the war, Hayes served in the U.S. House of Representatives, and as Governor of Ohio. In 1876, Hayes won one of the more controversial elections in U.S. history to become the 19th President of the United States. Continue Reading »

Confederate General John Bell Hood

Hood, John Bell

John Bell Hood was a prominent Confederate general who was known for his battlefield bravery during the American Civil War. During 1864, Hood's army attempted to stop Ohioan and Union General William T. Sherman's capture of Atlanta, Georgia. Continue Reading »

Union General Mortimer Dormer Leggett

Leggett, Mortimer Dormer

Born on April 19, 1821 (commonly mistakenly reported as 1831), in Ithaca, New York, Leggett's parents were members of the Society of Friends. In 1837, at sixteen years of age, Leggett moved with his parents to Geauga County, Ohio, where he helped his family establish a farm. Continue Reading »

James Longstreet

Longstreet, James

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Gen. Alexander McCook and staff posed on porch near Washington, D.C.

McCook , Gen. Alexander and staff

This photograph show Columbiana County, Ohio native General Alexander McCook and his staff posed on a porch near Washington, D.C. during the American Civil War. McCook was a member of Ohio's famous "Fighting McCooks." Continue Reading »

Alexander McDowell McCook

McCook, Alexander McDowell

Columbiana County native Alexander McDowell McCook (April 22, 1831 – June 12, 1903) was a career United States Army officer, a Union general in the American Civil War and a member of Ohio's "Fighting McCooks." Continue Reading »

Brigadier General Daniel McCook

McCook, Daniel

Columbiana County, Ohio native Daniel McCook (June 20, 1798 – July 21, 1863) was an officer in the Union army during the American Civil War. He was one of two Ohio brothers who, along with 13 of their sons, became widely known as the “Fighting McCooks” for their contributions to the war effort. Continue Reading »

Union General Irvin McDowell

McDowell, Irvin

Ohio native, Irvin McDowell was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War. He commanded the Army of Northeastern Virginia during the Battle of Bull Run I and was relieved of his command after this Union defeat. As a corps commander in the Army of Virginia, he later received much of the blame for the Federal defeat at the Battle of Bull Run II. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War