Entries

Army of Northern Virginia
Organized in 1861, and officially named in 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia was the principal military force of the Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Army of Tennessee
The Army of Tennessee was the Confederacy's primary fighting force in the Western Theater of the American Civil War between 1862 and 1865. Continue Reading »
Army of the Mississippi (CSA)
Officially organized on March 5, 1862, the Army of the Mississippi transitioned into the Army of Tennessee, the Confederacy's preeminent fighting force in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Army of the Potomac (CSA)
Organized on June 20, 1861, the Army of the Potomac later became the Army of Northern Virginia, the principal military force of the Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Army of the Shenandoah (CSA)
The main Confederate force in northwestern Virginia after the beginning of the American Civil War, the Army of the Shenandoah, reinforced the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Bull Run I, securing a Confederate victory. Continue Reading »
Copperheads
A majority of Northerners supported the Union war effort, yet a sizable and vocal minority opposed the conflict. Most of the opponents, the Copperheads, preferred a peaceful resolution to the war, with some of these people even calling on the North simply to leave the seceded Confederate states alone. Continue Reading »
Freedmen's Bureau
The Freedmen's Bureau was an important agency of the early Reconstruction era, assisting freedmen (freed ex-slaves) in the South. Continue Reading »
Order of American Knights
Numerous Northerners opposed the Civil War. Most opponents usually utilized peaceful forms of protest to object to the war and referred to themselves as Peace Democrats, while their opponents nicknamed them Copperheads after the venomous snake. There were numerous reasons why the Peace Democrats opposed the Union war effort. Continue Reading »
Union Party
The American Civil War and the tensions leading to it divided the North and the South. These events also caused members of the various political parties within the United States of America to divide over support for the war, sometimes resulting in the formation of new political groups. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War