Entries

Adairsville, Battle of
The Battle of Adairsville was an encounter between Union forces commanded by Major General William T. Sherman and Confederate forces commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The engagement took place in Bartow County, Georgia, near the town of Adairsville, on May 17, 1864. The battle was perhaps more significant for what did not happen than what did. Union forces were spared the possibility of a costly defeat when Confederate leaders failed to spring a well-laid trap after Sherman had divided his armies. Continue Reading »
Aldie, Battle of
The Battle of Aldie, which took place on June 17, 1863, was the third engagement of Robert E. Lee's Gettysburg Campaign. Continue Reading »
Amelia Springs, Battle of
The Battle of Amelia Springs took place in Amelia County, Virginia on April 5 - 6, 1865, during the Appomattox Campaign. Continue Reading »
Anti-war Protests
During the American Civil War, nearly 330,000 Ohio men served in the Union military. Numerous Ohio civilians also supported the war effort by growing groups and manufacturing supplies for the men serving in the military. Continue Reading »
Antietam, Battle of
The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, was the first major battle of the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. Fought near the town of Sharpsburg, Maryland, and Antietam Creek, on September 17, 1862, it was the bloodiest single day of battle in the war. Continue Reading »
Appomattox Campaign
Taking place during March and April 1865, the Appomattox Campaign culminated with Robert E. Lee's surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9. Continue Reading »
Appomattox Court House, Battle of
On March 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States. Upon his arrival in Washington, Grant drafted a plan to get the various Union armies in the field to act in concert to strike the Confederacy from several directions. Continue Reading »
Appomattox Court House, Surrender at
On April 9, 1865, Generals Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee met at the home of Wilmer McClean, located in the small Virginia village of Appomattox Court House, to negotiate the surrender of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. By 4 p.m., the two generals reached an agreement, and Lee signed a document surrendering his army. Continue Reading »
Appomattox Station, Battle of
The Battle of Appomattox Station took place in Appomattox County, Virginia on April 8, 1865, during Appomattox Campaign. Continue Reading »
Arkansas Post, Battle of
The Battle of Arkansas Post (also known as the Battle of Fort Hindman) was fought in Arkansas County, Arkansas from January 9 to 11, 1863. A combined Union naval and army force of 33,000 men, commanded by Flag Officer David D. Porter and Major General John A. McClernand, forced the surrender of Fort Hindman, on the Arkansas River, and its 5,000-man garrison. Continue Reading »
Army of the Cumberland
During the American Civil War, the Army of the Cumberland participated in nearly all of the major campaigns in the Western Theater. Continue Reading »
Atlanta Campaign
The Atlanta Campaign was an 1864 Union offensive fought mostly in northern Georgia. The campaign began on May 7 and ended on September 1 when Confederate General John Bell Hood ordered the Army of Tennessee to evacuate Atlanta, enabling Major General William T. Sherman's forces to occupy the city on the next day. Continue Reading »
Atlanta, Battle of
The Battle of Atlanta was a military engagement between Union forces commanded by Major William T. Sherman and Confederate forces commanded by General John B. Hood during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The encounter took place in Fulton County, near Atlanta, Georgia, on July 22, 1864. Union forces were victorious, inflicting heavy casualties on the Rebels. Continue Reading »
Averasboro, Battle of
On March 16, 1865, at the Battle of Averasboro, nearly 5,400 Confederate soldiers, commanded by William J. Hardee, temporarily delayed the left wing of William T. Sherman's forces, as it proceeded through the Carolinas. Continue Reading »
Bean's Station, Battle of
When Tennessee seceded from the Union on June 8, 1861, the majority of the population in the eastern part of the state remained loyal to the Union. Consequently, the governor was forced to send military personnel to Knoxville to enforce the vote for secession. Because of the number of loyalists in the area, President Abraham Lincoln considered the liberation of East Tennessee to be of paramount importance. Continue Reading »
Beaver Dam Creek, Battle of
Also known as the Battle of Mechanicsville, and the Battle of Ellerson's Mill, the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek was the second engagement of the Seven Days Battles during the Peninsula Campaign. Continue Reading »
Bennett Place, Surrender at
On April 26, 1865 Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston and Union General William T. Sherman negotiated the largest surrender of the Civil War at Bennett Place near Hillsborough, North Carolina. Continue Reading »
Bentonville, Battle of
The Battle of Bentonville, fought from March 19 through March 21, 1865, near Bentonville, North Carolina, was the final battle of Major General William T. Sherman's Carolinas Campaign. Continue Reading »
Big Bethel, Battle of
Considered by many historians to be the first major land engagement of the American Civil War, the Battle of Big Bethel was fought on June 10, 1861 at the southern end of the Virginia Peninsula. Continue Reading »
Big Black River Bridge, Battle of
Fought on May 17, 1863, the Battle of Big Black River Bridge, also known as the Battle of Big Black, was the final battle in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War