Civil War Chronology

1863 - May, 19
President Lincoln Commutes Clement Vallandigham's Prison Sentence - On May 19, 1863, President Lincoln commuted Clement Vallandigham's prison sentence and directed Ambrose Burnside to send Vallandigham to the headquarters of General Rosecrans, then in Tennessee, from where he was to be sent beyond Union lines into the area occupied by the Confederacy. Read more »
1863 - May, 10
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson Dies - Doctor's had to amputate Jackson's left arm and he was evacuated to a local plantation where he developed pneumonia and died on May 10. Read more »
1863 - May, 7
Military Tribunal Finds Clement Vallandigham Guilty of Violating General Order Number 38 - On May 7, a military court found leading Peace Democrat Clement Vallandigham guilty of "uttering disloyal sentiments" and attempting to hinder the prosecution of the war, and sentenced him to 2 years' confinement in a military prison. Read more »
1863 - May, 6
Clement Vallandigham Goes on Trial for Violating General Order Number 38 - On May 5, 1863, a company of Union soldiers arrested Vallandigham at his home in Dayton and brought him to Cincinnati to stand trial for violating Union General Ambrose Burnside's General order Number 38. Read more »
1863 - May, 6
Battle of Chancellorsville Ends - The Battle of Chancellorsville was fought in and around the town of Chancellorsville, Virginia, from April 30 to May 6, 1863. Read more »
1863 - May, 5
Clement Vallandigham Arrested for Violating General Order Number 38 - On May 5, 1863, a company of Union soldiers arrested Vallandigham at his home in Dayton and brought him to Cincinnati to stand trial for violating Union General Ambrose Burnside's General order Number 38. Read more »
1863 - May, 3
Second Battle of Fredericksburg - The Second Battle of Fredericksburg, also known as the Second Battle of Marye's Heights, was fought on May 3, 1663, as a part of the battle of Chancellorsville. Read more »
1863 - May, 2
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson is Shot - On the night of May 2, 1863, during the Battle of Chancellorsville, Jackson rode out on a personal reconnaissance mission beyond his own lines. As he and his staff returned in the dark, they were mistakenly identified as Yankees and fired upon by Confederate pickets. Read more »
1863 - April, 30
Battle of Chancellorsville Begins - The Battle of Chancellorsville was fought in and around the town of Chancellorsville, Virginia, from April 30 to May 6, 1863. Read more »
1863 - March, 3
Congress enacts the Conscription Act Read more »
1863 - January, 26
General Joseph Hooker Named Commander of the Army of the Potomac
1863 - January, 11
Battle of Arkansas Post, Third Day
1863 - January, 10
Battle of Arkansas Post, Second Day
1863 - January, 9
Battle of Arkansas Post, First Day
1863 - January, 4
Confederate General Braxton Bragg begins withdrawing the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesboro, Tennessee, ending the Stones River Campaign
1863 - January, 2
Battle of Stones River, Third Day
1863 - January, 1
Battle of Stones River, Second Day
1863 - January, 1
President Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation
1862 - December, 31
USS Monitor sinks off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina - USS Monitor sinks off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina Read more »
1862 - December, 29
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou, Fourth and Last Day
1862 - December, 28
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou, Third Day
1862 - December, 27
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou, Second Day
1862 - December, 26
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou, First Day
1862 - December, 22
John Hunt Morgan begins Christmas Raid into Kentucky
1862 - December, 21
Battle of Davis Mill in Davis Mill, Mississippi - The 1st and 3rd Battalions of the 5th Regiment, Ohio Cavalry participated in a skirmish with Confederate forces under the command of Sterling Price and Earl Van Dorn.
1862 - September, 17
Battle of Antietam - Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia engaged George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac near Sharpsburg, Maryland in the bloodiest single day of fighting in the American Civil War at the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862. Read more »
1862 - September, 15
Stonewall Jackson Captures Harpers Ferry - As the main body of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia moved north toward Sharpsburg, Maryland and an eventual showdown with George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Antietam, Stonewall Jackson's Corps captured Harpers Ferry and 12,000 Union soldiers on September 15, 1862. Read more »
1862 - September, 1
Battle of Chantilly - Also known as the Battle of Ox Hill, the Battle of Chantilly was fought on September 1, 1862 in Fairfax County, Virginia. The engagement was the last battle of Robert E. Lee's Northern Virginia Campaign. Read more »
1862 - August, 31
Stonewall Jackson attempts to flank John Pope - Following up on the Confederate victory at the Battle of Bull Run II, Robert E. Lee orders Stonewall Jackson's troops to march around John Pope's right flank and cut off the Union retreat to Washington. Read more »
1862 - July, 17
Congress enacts the Militia Act of 1862 Read more »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War